Articles and Essays, 1851-1899



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Broadly stated, copyright regulations allow for most material printed before 1923 to be in the public domain. Anyone seeking to use this material should consult the appropriate copyright laws, as suitable. The principles of fair use generally allow for references and judicious quotation (properly credited), particularly for scholarly articles, student papers, and other educational purposes.

It should be noted that information and views expressed in these articles and essays reflect the research and opinions of the authors.

Items here are listed chronologically. Reprinted items are listed under the earliest date of publication.


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~~ 1851-1859 ~~

  • “Edgar A. Poe” by John Savage
  • Character of Edgar A. Poe” by C. Chauncey Burr (The Nineteeth Century, February 1852)
  • Edgar Allan Poe” by Richard H. Stoddard, National Magazine, March 1853
  • Poe, Poets, Etc.” by Catherine Ledyard, Supplement to the Evening Post (New York), March 21, 1853
  • The Genius and Characteristics of Edgar Allan Poe” by George Rex Graham, Graham’s Magazine, February 1854
  • “Edgar A. Poe”
    • “Edgar A. Poe” by George Lippard, Sunday Mercury (Philadelphia, PA) (about late September or early October 1854)
    • “Edgar A. Poe” by George Lippard, Weekly News (Charleston, SC) (October 3, 1854)
    • Edgar A. Poe” by George Lippard, Dodge’s Literary Museum (Boston, MA) (October 21, 1854)
  • Edgar Allan Poe” by Anonymous, Lives of the Illustrious: The Biographical Magazine, May 1855
  • Poe’s “Raven,” in ‘The Poets and Poetry of America’,” by Rufus W. Griswold, New York Daily Times, November 19, 1855
  • Edgar A. Poe” by Evert A. and George L. Duyckinck (Cyclopedia of American Literature, 1856)
  • “E. A. Poe’s Death and Burial” (first version) by Dr. J. E. Snodgrass
    • “E. A. Poe’s Death and Burial” by Dr. J. E. Snodgrass, Woman’s Temperance Paper (Seneca Falls, NY) (January ??, 1856). (No copy of this issue has been located, and the specific date of publication is not recorded, although early to mid-January of 1856 is likely based on the reprints, below.)
    • E. A. Poe’s Death and Burial” by Dr. J. E. Snodgrass, Spiritual Telegraph (January 26, 1856) (apparently a full reprint).
    • Death and Burial of Edgar A. Poe” by Dr. J. E. Snodgrass, Life Illustrated (May 17, 1856) (slightly abbreviated).
    • “Death and Burial of Edgar A. Poe” by Dr. J. E. Snodgrass, Evening Star (Washington, D. C.) (August 29, 1856) (Although it cites only the Woman’s Temperance Paper, this article appears to have been reprinted from the Life Illustrated version.)
    • Edgar Allen [[Allan]] Poe — His Death and Burial” by Dr. J. E. Snodgrass, Los Angeles Star (August 30, 1856) (apparently a full reprint).
  • Edgar A. Poe” by Mrs. Elizabeth Oakes Smith, United States Magazine, March 1857
  • “[Review of Tales of Mystery, and Poems]” by Dan Wilson, Canadian Journal of Science, Literature and the Arts, March 1857
  • Edgar Allan Poe” by W. Moy Thomas, Train (April 1857).
  • Byron and Poe” by Anonymous (Viator), Virginia University Magazine, June 1857
  • “The Raven — by Edgar A. Poe”  by John R. Thompson, Southern Literary Messenger, November 1857, p. 331-335)
  • Letter About Edgar Poe” by Nathaniel Parker Willis, Home Journal (New York), October 30, 1858

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~~ 1860-1869 ~~


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~~ 1870-1879 ~~

  • “[Reminiscence of Edgar Allan Poe],” by William Gowans, Catalogue of American Books, no. 28, 1870 (This is a long description accompanying a copy of Pym that Gowans was selling.)
  • Edgar Allan Poe,” by Richard H. Stoddard, Harper’s Monthly Magazine, September 1872
  • “Edgar Allan Poe: His Life and Works” by Charles Baudelaire (translated by Henry Curwen), London: John Camden Hotten, 1873
  • Preface and Memoir of Poe” by John H. Ingram, The Works of Edgar Allan Poe, Edinburgh: Adam and Charles Black, 1874
  • Edgar Poe” by John H. Ingram, Temple Bar, June 1874
  • [Review of the Ingram edition of Poe’s Works] by Robert Louis Stevenson, the Academy (London), January 2, 1875 (reprinted in the Academy, February 18, 1899, pp. 219-221)
  • Edgar A. Poe” by Amanda Bartlett Harris, Hearth and Home (New York), January 9, 1875, p. 24 cols. 1-2
  • [Review of the Curwen’s Sorrow and Song] by John H. Ingram, the Academy, March 13, 1875
  • “The Monument to Edgar Allan Poe” by Anonymous
    • The Monument to Edgar Allan Poe” by Anonymous, New York Herald, October 28, 1875.
    • “The Monument to Edgar Allan Poe” by Anonymous, Works of Edgar Allan Poe, New York: W. J. Widdleton, 1876 (reprinted in subsequent editions)
  • “Official Memorandum of the Death of Edgar A. Poe” by Dr. John J. Moran
    • Official Memorandum of the Death of Edgar A. Poe” by Dr. John J. Moran, New York Herald, October 28, 1875.
    • “Official Memorandum of the Death of Edgar A. Poe” by Dr. John J. Moran, Works of Edgar Allan Poe, New York: W. J. Widdleton, 1876 (reprinted in subsequent editions)
  • Edgar Allan Poe” by George Harrison, Brooklyn Daily Eagle, November 17, 1875
  • Edgar Allan Poe” by George W. Childs, Public Ledger, November 27, 1875
  • Edgar Allan Poe” by Robert. T. P. Allen, Scribner’s Monthly Magazine, November 1875
  • Edgar A. Poe and His Biographer, Rufus W. Griswold” by William Fearing Gill, Lotos Leaves, Boston: W. F. Gill & Co., 1875  (Reprinted in 1885 by Chicago and New York: Belford, Clarke & Co.)
  • “Preface” and “Memoir” by Richard H. Stoddard, London: George Routledge, 1875 (almost immediately afterward reprinted by New York: W. J. Widdleton, 1875)
  • Recollections of Poe” by Elizabeth Oakes Smith, Home Journal (New York), March 15, 1876, p. 1 cols. 5-7 and p. 2, cols. 1-2
  • Edgar A. Poe” by Mrs. Susan Archer T. Weiss (New York Herald, April 26, 1876) (replying to Mrs. E. O. Smith’s article on Poe from the Home Journal)
  • Some New Facts about Edgar A. Poe” by William Fearing Gill, Laurel Leaves, Boston: W. F. Gill & Co., 1876
  • “Life of Edgar A. Poe” by Eugene L. Didier
  • Edgar Allan Poe: A Memorial Volume, edited by Sara Sigourney Rice, Baltimore: Turnbull Brothers, 1877 (book).
  • The Life of Edgar Allan Poe by William Fearing Gill (first edition issued about October 1877)
    • The Life of Edgar Allan Poe by William Fearing Gill (New York: D. Appleton & Co., etc., 1877 - first edition) (a second edition, identical with the first edition, with the addition of a short list of errata, was printed by New York: C. T. Dillingham, etc., 1877) (315 pp.)
    • The Life of Edgar Allan Poe by William Fearing Gill (London: Chatto & Windus, 1878 - Third edition) (revised) (a fourth edition, reprinting the third edition, was printed in 1880 by London: Chatto & Windus and New York: W. J. Widdleton) (347 pp.)
    • The Life of Edgar Allan Poe by William Fearing Gill (New York: W. J. Widdleton, 1880 - Fifth edition) (stated as revised and enlarged, but apparently just a reprint of the third edition) (also printed by London: Chatto & Windus) (347 pp.)
  • [Review of Gill’s Life of Edgar Allan Poe]” by Anonymous, Lippincott’s Magazine, October 1877.
  • “The Personality of Poe” by Charles F. Briggs
    • The Personality of Poe” by Charles F. Briggs, Independent, December 13, 1877. (This article was reprinted in various places, including the New York Sun (adapting a pagagraph from Briggs’ article; clipping in Ingram Collection, item 719); and “Poe as He Was” by Charles F. Briggs, about December 24, 1877, unidentified newspaper clipping in Ingram Collection, item 720).
    • The Personality of Poe” by Charles F. Briggs, Independent, June 24, 1880 (reprinted from the earlier text)
  • Edgar Allan Poe: Some Reminiscences by One Who Knew Him” by Anonymous, State (Richmond), February 26, 1878.
  • Last Days of Edgar A. Poe” by Mrs. Susan Archer T. Weiss (Scribner’s Magazine, March 1878.
  • Our Monthly Gossip [Poe and Mrs. Whitman]” by Eugene L. Didier, Lippincott’s Magazine, October 1878
  • “Poe and His English Schoolmaster,” Athenaeum (London)
  • A Popular Error Concerning Poe” by Robert S. Burkholder, South Atlantic (Wilmington, NC), August 1878
  • Mr. William Wertenbaker — His Golden Wedding” by Douglass Sherley, Virginia University Magazine (Charlottesville, VA), October 1879 (There is only one fairly brief mention of Poe, but the item is included because it provides some interesting material on the background of the university, and it is mentioned in The Poe Log.)
  • Edgar Allan Poe” by Anonymous, The Biographical Cyclopedia of Representative Men of Maryland and District of Columbia, Baltimore: National Biographical Publishing Co., 1879.
  • Edgar Allan Poe’s Grave” by William P. Meany, The Celtic Monthly, (New York), September 1879.
  • Poe’s Wonderful Interpreter” by Anonymous, Sun (New York), August ??, 1879.

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~~ 1880-1889 ~~

  • [Reminiscence of Poe]” by Alexander T. Crane, New York Tribune, January 30, 1880
  • “Old Oddity Papers, IV: Edgar Allan Poe While a Student at the University of Virginia” by Douglass Sherley, Virginia University Magazine, March and April 1880 (Reprinted, with Sherly's name as author, in The Valley of Unrest: A Book without a Woman, Louisville: John P. Morton, 1883 and New York: White, Stokes and Allen, 1884.)
  • [Reminiscences of Poe]” by Miles George, State (Richmond, VA) (May 22, 1880)
  • Edgar Allan Poe” by Edmund Clarence Stedman, Scribner’s Monthly, May 1880 (printed separately as Edgar Allan Poe, Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1881; Cedar Rapids: IA: Torch Press, 1909; and other reprints).
  • [[Two attacks on Ingram, and a reply]]
  • “Life of Edgar Allan Poe” by Richard H. Stoddard, from Select Works of Edgar Allan Poe, New York: W. J. Widdleton, 1880
    • “Prefactory Note” by Richard H. Stoddard
    • “Life of Edgar Allan Poe” by Richard H. Stoddard (This memoir was reprinted in 1884 by Armstrong as part of their 6-volume set of Poe’s works)
    • “Appendix: Poe as a Conchologist” by Richard H. Stoddard
  • Edgar Allan Poe: His Life, Letters, and Opinions by John H. Ingram (1880, 2 vols., book)
  • The Rationale of the Raven” by William Fearing Gill, Papyrus Leaves, New York: R. Worthington, 1880 (reprinted in 1888 by New York: Belford, Clarke)
  • Recent Biographies of Edgar A. Poe” by Eugene L. Didier, International Review (New York), January 1881.
  • Edgar Allan Poe” by Thomas H. Ellis, Richmond Standard, May 7, 1881
  • The Sister of Edgar A. Poe” by Susan A. T. Weiss, the Continent, June 27, 1883
  • “Edgar A. Poe and His College Contemporaries” by William M. Burwell
    • Edgar A. Poe and His College Contemporaries” by William M. Burwell, New Orleans Times-Democrat (New Orleans, LA), May 18, 1884, p. 8, cols. 4-7
    • “Edgar A. Poe and His College Contemporaries” by William M. Burwell, University of Virginia Alumni Bulletin (Charlottesville, VA), vol. XVI, April 1923, pp. 168-80
  • Comment on the Poem” by Edmund Clarence Stedman (The Raven, 1884)
  • “The Genius of Poe” by Richard H. Stoddard, from The Works of Edgar Allan Poe, New York: Armstrong, 1884 (the essay is dated May 4, 1884)
  • Edgar Allan Poe by George Edward Woodberry (Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin and Company, 1885) (book) (This biography was issued as part of the American Men of Letters series, edited by Charles Dudley Warner. It was reissued several times, the last in 1913. Woodberry expanded it to two volumes in 1909.)
  • Edgar Allan Poe” by Richard H. Stoddard, Independent, February 12, 1885 (review of Edgar Allan Poe, by G. E. Woodberry)
  • Poe the Poet: Recollections of Two Citizens Who Knew Him Well” by Anonymous, State (Richmond, VA), November 29, 1885
  • A Defense of Edgar Allan Poe by John J. Moran (1885, book)
  • The Character of Edgar Allan Poe” by Margaret E. Wilmer, Brooklyn Magazine, vol. III, no. 6, (March 1886), 3:211-213.
  • Two Open Letters: From Dr. English to Mr. Ingram” (a set of two “letters” by Thomas Dunn English)
    • “Two Open Letters [Letter 01]” by Thomas Dunn English (Independent, April 15, 1886)
    • “Two Open Letters [Letter 02]” by Thomas Dunn English (Independent, April 22, 1886)
  • Edgar Allan Poe” by Richard H. Stoddard, Lippincott’s (January 1889), 42:107-115.
  • Poe’s Mary” by Augustus Van Cleef, Harper’s New Monthly Magazine (March 1889), pp. 634-640.
  • “Reminiscences of Edgar Allan Poe” by John Sartain
    • Reminiscences of Edgar Allan Poe” by John Sartain, Lippincott’s (March 1889), pp. 411-415.
    • “Edgar Allan Poe” by John Sartain, Reminiscences of a Very Old Man (New York: D. Appleton, 1899), pp. 196-217.

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~~ 1890-1899 ~~


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[S:0 - JAS] - Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore - Articles and Essays - 1851-1899