Text: James A. Harrison (and E. A. Poe), “Poe's Notes to Eureka,” The Complete Works of Edgar Allan PoeVol. XVI: Marginalia and Eureka (1902), pp. 319-336


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[page 319:]

POE’S NOTES TO “EUREKA.”

THE following notes and emendations are from a copy of the first edition of “Eureka,” now in the possession of Bishop Hurst. They are in Poe’s handwriting, in the faint tracing of a pencil, and are the changes the poet had in mind to make in a second edition.

In these notes the phrase or sentence to the left of the lines of equality (=) is that of the text of the first edition (of which the present text is an exact reprint), the word or sentence to the right of the = mark includes Poe’s revised reading.

Page        Line         
185   3       this work: = this work;
186   21       I mean to designate = I mean in most cases to designate
    25       I shall take = I shall in most cases, again take
    26       the Universe of stars = the Universe of Stars
    30       Universe of stars = Universe of Stars
187   27       mankind; mankind = Mankind; Mankind
188   20       depended mainly upon = depended mainly on
189   26, 27     Hog-ian, and at the same time more dignified = Hog-ian, while more dignified
190   4       because the tortoise is sure of foot = because the snail is sure of foot
    19       calling the thinker a fool = calling the thinker ‘a fool’
191   9       the same price upon the highway = the same price on the highway [page 320:]
192   10       erected their castles upon a basis = erected their castles on a basis.
198   14, 15     very unaccountable and, perhaps, somewhat impertinent = very unaccountable if not impertinent
    23       We may ascend or descend = We may ascend or descend
199   20       to no subject per se = to no subject in itself
200   7       the equivalents exist in all languages = the equivalents exist in nearly all languages
201   17       might be more difficult = might be more difficult
    18       can be no more = can be no more
203   31       feels himself called upon = feels himself called on
    34       a nebula never to be resolved = a nebula never to be solved
204   23       swelling, in accordance with the = swelling, with the
    24       Hitherto, the Universe of stars = Hitherto, the Universe of Stars
205   5       definition of the Universe of stars = definition of the Universe of Stars
    11       to fancy an end to space = to fancy an end to space
    13       an infinity of beginnings = an infinity of beginnings
    34       content ourselves to-night with supposing = content ourselves with supposing
206   9       to have been, primarily and solely, = to have been primarily
    13       properly entertain of intuition = properly entertain of Intuition
    23       what? — of Simplicity? = what? of Simplicity.
    27       is very, very far indeed, = is very far indeed [page 321:]
206   33       the human tongue = the human tongue. If, however, in the course of this Essay, I succeed in showing that, out of Matter in its extreme of Simplicity, all things might have been constructed, we reach directly the inference that they were thus constructed, through the impossibility of attributing supererogation to Omnipotence
207   16       the primordial particle = the primordial Particle
    31       of infinite divisibility = of infinite divisibility *
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* Show this in another edition
    34       suppose to be irradiated = suppose to be radiated
208   2       vacant space = vacant Space
    5       or upon diffusion = or on diffusion
    12       at least generally preserved = at least generally preserved
    27       design of variety out of unity = design of multiplicity out of unity
209   22       its essential nature: — = its essential nature: — and
    25       perceive, therefore, upon the whole = perceive, therefore, on the whole
    34       atoms irradiated — any = atoms radiated — any
210   31       the effectual and thorough completion = the effectual completion
211   17       the Uni-tendency collectively = the Unitendency collectively
    24       normal, One. — = normal, One.
212   29       have maintained to be = have suggested to be [page 322:]
213   15       proportional to the difference = proportional with the difference.
    34       expressions, “attraction” and “repulsion.” = expressions, “Attraction” and “Repulsion.”
214   6       that attraction and repulsion are = that Attraction and Repulsion are
    10       that matter exists = that Matter exists
    11       only as attraction and repulsion = only as Attraction and Repulsion
    11, 12     that attraction and repulsion are matter = that Attraction and Repulsion are matter
    13, 14     “matter” and the terms “attraction” and “repulsion “ = “Matter” and the terms “Attraction” and “Repulsion”
    18       into their original unity = into their original Unity
    19       Newtonian law of gravity = Newtonian law of Gravity
    21       Newtonian gravity = Newtonian Gravity
    22       matter to seek matter = Matter to seek Matter
    24, 25     coincidence satisfies us; but, upon = cöincidence satisfies us; but, on
    27       that appears incoincident = that appears incöincident
    28       which no coincidence, = which no cöincidence
    29       Newtonian gravity, when = Newtonian Gravity, when
    33       is an incoincidence = is an incöincidence
215   2       no coincidence = no coincidence
    3       between gravitation = between Gravity
    14, 16     That all bodies attract each other with forces proportional to their quantities of matter and inversely proportional to the squares [page 323:] of their distances. = That all bodies attract each other with forces proportional with their quantities of matter and inversely proportional with the squares of their distances
216   3       His successes = His successors
    8       however, of attraction = however, of Attraction
    15       mass of a mountain was seen = mass of a mountain * was seen
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* Schehallien, in Wales
    17       with the immortal theory = with the theory
    24       imbibing of gravity = imbibing of Gravity
    28       the planet upon which they = the planet on which they
    31       only that gravity impels = only that Gravity impels
217   15       perception of gravity = perception of Gravity
    27       definition of gravity = definition of Gravity
218   2, 4      of the attraction . . . in which the attraction = of the Attraction . . . in which the Attraction the Attraction
    10       each atom tended to some one favorite point — to some especially attractive atom — = each atom tends to some one point, a favorite with all
    14       called upon to comprehend = called on to comprehend
    20       grasp of the imagination of man = grasp of the imagination
    22       a sunbeam upon its neighboring = a sunbeam on its neighboring
    25       particular moment = particular moment.
    27       lies now upon the point = lies now on the point [page 324:]
219   31       this unconditionally one? = this unconditionally One?
    34       Attraction’ a merely general = Attraction ’as merely a general
220   3       been irradiated from a centre = been radiated from a centre
    8       because of the sphereicity = because of the sphericity
    9       irradiated into space = radiated into space
    29       centre of irradiation = centre of radiation
    30       proportional to the squares = proportional with the squares
221   14       process intuition was = process Intuition was
    17       an irresistible intuition = an irresistible Intuition
    20       an irresistible intuition = an irresistible Intuition
    22       the Newtonian gravitation = the Newtonian Gravity
    26, 27     cautiously discriminative human intellects = cautiously discriminative intellects
224   23       decide upon them = decide on them
225   4       Universe of stars = Universe of Stars
    9       that of irradiation = that of radiation
    10, 11     Universe of stars is the result of irradiation = Universe of Stars is the result of radiation
    12       laws of irradiation are known = laws of radiation are known
    14       indisputable geometrical properties = indisputable geometrical properties
    18       Nothing is demonstrable = Nothing is demonstrable
    19       if anything be = if anything be
    21       Irradiation — how — = Radiation — how — [page 325:]
225   24       Light issues by irradiation = Light issues by radiation
226   4       the irradiation, in a word = the radiation, in a word
    28       the irradiation proceeds = the radiation proceeds
    30       the term irradiation = the term radiation the term irradiation = the term radiation
227   3       was originally irradiated = was originally radiated
    8       represented the force = represents the force
    9, 10     one was exactly proportional to the other, and that the two proceeded together = one is exactly proportional with the other, and that the two proceed together
    15, 16     “irradiation” and the force of irradiation = “radiation” and the force of radiation
    25       from the evident design = from the design
228   3       irradiation from a centre . . . irradiation, forces = radiation from a centre . . . radiation, forces
    8       matter irradiated = matter radiated
    10, 11     now in question — such roughnesses — such peculiarities — such protuberances = now in question — such peculiarities — such roughness — such protuberances
    22       Irradiation, by which alone = Radiation, by which alone
229   1, 2      truth, irradiation, with my truth = truth, radiation, with my truth
    16       usual notions of irradiation = usual notions of radiation
    20       any such irradiation = any such radiation
    23       with the irradiated matter = with the radiated matter
    24, 25     no such irradiation as this = no such radiation as this [page 326:]
229   25       continuous irradiation = continuous radiation
    31       the Universe of stars = the Universe of Stars
230   1       My assumption, then, = My assumption, then —
    3       a determinate irradiation = a determinate radiation
    8       at once of irradiation = at once of radiation
    12-14     thus equally diffused, by means of irradiation, from the absolute, irrelative, unconditional particle, = thus equably diffused, by means of radiation, from the absolute, irrelative, unconditional Particle,
    19       emits, by irradiation = emits, by radiation
    28       by irradiation = by radiation
231   12       means of irradiation = means of radiation
    13       those of irradiation = those of radiation
    14       (At the foot of the page having as last line “are satisfied; and by the sole process in which the possibi-”)
 
Here describe the whole process as one instantaneous flash.
    18       throughout the sphere. They have been irradiated into these states. = throughout the sphere.
232   7       which irradiated any stratum = which radiated any stratum
    10       force of the irradiation = force of the radiation
    11       of the distances. = of the distances: — or, particularly, The force by which any individual atom was sent fo its position in the sphere, was directly proportional with the square of that atom’s distance while in that position, from the centre of the sphere.
    18       the mind being called upon = the mind being called on [page 327:]
232   21       called upon to conceive = called on to conceive
    31       Matter, then, irradiated = Matter, then, radiated
    33       centre of irradiation = centre of radiation
233   15       and, upon the whole, = and, on the whole
    32       any deviation = ¶ Any deviation
234   6       Upon withdrawal = On withdrawal
    19       produced by the tendency = manifested in the tendency
    20, 21     absolutely original = absolutely original
    29       upon the diffusion = on the diffusion
    31       the point of irradiation = the point of radiation
235   18       to the circumference beyond = to the surface beyond
    20       along any other straight line = along any other straight line joining it, the atom, with any point of the sphere —
    28       it is only impliedly, = it is only impliedly —
236   11       to discover nothing = to discover nothing
    15       force of irradiation = force of radiation
    16       proportional to the squares = proportional with the squares
    17       upon an unwarranted = on an unwarranted
    24       proportional to that - proportional with that
    29       force which irradiated = force which radiated
    31       directly proportional to = directly proportional with
    32       have been irradiated = have been radiated
237   1       directly proportional to the number = directly proportioual with the number
    12, 13     movement at the circumference = movement at the surface [page 328:]
237   25       of Irradiation from Unity = of Radiation from Unity
    30       absolute material particle = absolute material Particle
238   4       from it upon its completion = from it on its completion
    11       upon these two = on these two
    16       the word hypothesis = the word “hypothesis”
    18       upon the first appearance = on the first appearance
    25       conditions of irradiation = conditions of radiation
    29, 30     as rigorously logical as that which establishes any demonstration in Euclid = as rigorously logical as that which establishes any demonstration in Euclid
239   16       Why if an hypothesis = Why, if an hypothesis
240   12       if here, for the mere sake of cavilling, = if here,
    17       that I reply: — = that I reply:
241   12       upon as truths at all = on as truths at all
    26       as a Logical basis = as a logical basis
    30       My particle proper is but absolute Irrelation = My Particle Proper is but Absolute Irrelation
    31       To sum up = ¶ To sum up
 241,
242
  34, 1       that it was a beginning and nothing different from a beginning = that it was a Beginning and nothing different from a Beginning
    6, 7     the Law which we have been in the habit of calling Gravity = the Law which we call Gravity
    8       having been irradiated = having been radiated [page 329:]
242   12, 13     irradiation, and generally-equable = radiation and equable
    16       irradiated atoms = radiated atoms
    17       centre of Irradiation. = centre of Radiation.
    footnote   * Limited sphere — A sphere is necessarily limited. I prefer tautology to a chance of misconception. = * A sphere is necessarily limited. I prefer tautology to a chance of misconception.
243   1       Space filled with the irradiated atoms = Space as filled with the radiated atoms
    3       succession of the irradiated atoms = succession of the atoms
    4       then it is abundantly clear = then it is clear
    24       for it is a mere sotticism = for it is mere folly
244   10       coalescences — not cöalitions — of atom with atom = cöalescences of atom with atom
    28       ratio of Coalescence = ratio of cöalescence
245   1       in fancy, we select any one = in fancy, we select any one
    13       up the Universe Proper — that Universal sphere — that all-inclusive and absolute Kosmos which forms the subject of my present Discourse. = up the Universe of Stars.
    19, 20     basis whatever, either deductive or inductive — much = basis whatever, either — much
246   7       and its periphery extending = and its surface extending
    14, 15     we understand of visible, palpable, or otherwise appreciable nebulosity. = we understand of appreciable nebulosity
    27       any atom at the circumference = any atom at the surface [page 330:]
248   21, 22     must, in coalescing, . . . by their coalescence. = must, in coalescing, . . . by their coalescence
249   6       which accompany him. = which accompany him.*
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* When this book went to press the ring of Neptune had not been positively determined
250   5       seven uniform bands = seven ununiform bands
    28       to have had eight centres = to have had nine centres
    30       into eight fragments = into nine fragments
    31       to absorb the others. = to absorb the others.*
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* Another asteroid discovered since the work went to press.
251   3       coincident as to admit = coincident as to admit
    8       Having no moon = Since he has no moon
253   footnote   arising from the inclination of the axis of the planet. = arising from the bouleversement of the axis of the planet
254   30       to the veriest cowardice of thought = to the veriest cowardice of thought
255   27       this tendency to return as but = this tendency as but
256   11       process of its aggregation, must = process of its consolidation, must
    12       heated — perhaps incandescent = heated — incandescent
    15       slight incrustation of = slight encrustation of
    23       exactly coincident with that = exactly cöincident with that [page 331:]
257   5       our Moon is strongly self-luminous = our Moon is self-luminous
259   2       of the heterogeneous.*
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* Page 36 = * Page 37
 
(This is merely typographical, and refers to that first edition alone. — ED.)
    17       Now this is in precise accordance = Now this is in accordance
260   5       of the philosopher, Compte = of the philosopher, Comte
    15       far as demonstration can be = far as demonstration can be and one empirically confirmed — a demonstration
261   11       be proportional to the amount = be proportional with the amount
262   19       great “nebulæ” in the constellation = great “nebula” in the constellation
263   footnote   footnote Law of Gravity, even then? = Law of Gravity, even then? The late experiments of Comte, however, are to the Laplacian theory what those of Maskelyne were to the Newtonian
267   1       Let us now fancy, = Let us now fancy, — merely fancy —
    17       process of the original irradiation as = process of the original radiation as
    25       proportionally to the squares = proportionally with the squares
    27       with sixteen planets = with seventeen planets
268   21       survey the Universe under = survey the Universe of Stars under
269   4       we enter at once upon a new = we enter at once a new [page 332:]
269   25       Universe as a spherical = Universe of Stars as a spherical
270   10       a cluster of clusters = a roughly spherical cluster of clusters
    30       Earth one of sixteen secondaries = Earth one of seventeen secondaries
273   2       belt is The Universe. = belt is The Universe of Stars
    21       as part and parcel of the one = as but a portion of the one
 273,
274
  34, 1     since there could be absolutely no point, in all that background, at which would not exist a star = since there could be absolutely no point, in all that background, at which would not exist a star
    13       the Earth tended not only = the Earth tends not only
    footnote   * Page 62 = * Page 40.
275   3       exists one cluster of clusters — = exists one cluster of clusters —
    6       became upon the confines = because on the confines
    16       upon our retinas = upon our retina?
    18       in these unspeakably = in those unspeakably
276   8       absolutely upon the hardihood = absolutely on the hardihood
    22       They could not impress = They can not impress
277   15       and sixteen planets certainly = and seventeen planets certainly
278   30       They control the Universe. = They control the Universe of Stars.
280   2       Now come the eight Asteroids = Now come the nine Asteroids
    3       Flora, Iris, and Hebe) = Flora, Iris, Hebe and [page 333:]
280   18       atomic irradiation = atomic radiation
282   33       include within its periphery = include within its surface
283   28       round a great circle of its circumference = round its circumference
284   7, 8      28 hundred millions of miles; the circumference of its orbit, = 28 hundred millions of miles; its orbit
    22       beyond the orbit of Mars — of Jupiter — = beyond the orbit of Mars -of the Asteroids — of Jupiter — of Saturn —
290   21       which the Universe is seen = which the Universe of Stars is seen
    26       That the Universe might endure = That the Universe of Stars might endure
    34       proceed from nebulosity to consolidation = proceed from visibility to consolidation
292   26       perfection of plot is really = perfection of plot is really
293   1       symmetrical, if the symmetry = symmetrical, even if the symmetry
    5       of the Universal irradiation = of the Universal radiation
    28       to account for, at least = to account for — at least
294   4       of Fourrier = of Fourier
    30       ; and that analogy — ; and that analogy
295   29       Upon the urging = On the urging
296   20       travelling forevev upon the = travelling forever on the
    28       — during a mere point — = — during the mere point —
297   5       I hazard nothing = I hazard nothing,
298   17       of each nebula on the hypothesis = of each nebula, on the hypothesis [page 334:]
299   1       never, perhaps been equalled = never, perhaps, been equalled
300   2       the multudinous masses, as each proceeded on = the multitudinous masses, as each proceeds on
301   20       its state of irradiation = its state of radiation
    23       when the irradiation shall = when the radiation shall
302   8       depended upon with an almost = depended on with an almost
303   3       the fancy inquestion = the fancy in question
    14       cyclic movements them selves = cyclic movements them-selves
    17       Enck’s comet = Encke’s comet
304   2, 3      the one spoken of could be = the one mentioned could be
    10       acquainted with one of them = acquainted with even one of them
    15       That Enck’s comet = That Encke’s comet
    34       its motions in its orbit = its motion in its orbit
305   25, 26   — on the ether’s account. = on the ether’s account.
    30       attendance upon matter = attendance on matter
307   3       symmetry of principle sees = symmetry of principle sees
    5       seeks and finds in this origin of all things = seeks and finds, in this origin of all things,
    16       after their irradiation throughout = after their radiation throughout
    31       upon attainment of a certain = on attainment of a certain
308   10       new genesis described, can be = new genesis described can be [page 335:]
308   14       a thousand-fold electric = a million-fold electric
    16       with the spiritual passion = with their spiritual passion
    17       of their appetite for oneness = for oneness
    23       as constituting and comprehending the Universe? = as comprehending and constituting the Universe?
    27       of the divine Art = of the Divine Art
309   12       thus attaining Conscious Intelligence = thus attaining obviously Conscious Intelligence
310   9       employ the term Matter = employ the term ‘Matter’
    22       separative ether, whose province = separative Ether, whose province
    24       this ether being no longer = this Ether being no longer
    footnote   * “Gravity, therefore, must be the strongest of forces.” — See page 39. = * “Gravity, therefore, must be the strongest of forces.” — See page 59.
311   3       to all Finite Perception = to all finite perception
    13       creation and irradiation, returning = creation and radiation, returning
    27       tranquillity of self-inspection = tranquility of self-inspection
312   4, 5      haunted by such dreams; = haunted by such shadows
    13       during this youth = during this Youth
313   14       Spiritual and Individual = Spiritual and Individual
    25       during our youth = during our Youth
    25       even in our Manhood = even into our Manhood [page 336:]
314   10       What you call The Universe is but = What you call The Universe of Stars is but
    16, 17     those which you term animate, as well as those to whom you = those whom you term animate, as well as those to which you
    24       all too, more or less = all too, more or less, and more or less obviously,
315   6       within the Spirit Divine = within the Spirit Divine.”

NOTE. — The pain of the consideration that we shall lose our individual identity, ceases at once when we further reflect that the process, as above described, is, neither more nor less than that of the absorption, by each individual intelligence, of all other intelligences (that is, of the Universe) into its own. That God may be all in all, each must become God.

 


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Notes:

None.


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[S:0 - JAHCW, 1902] - Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore - Editions - The Complete Works of Edgar Allan Poe (J. A. Harrison) (Poe's Notes to Eureka)