Edgar Allan Poe — “Eldorado”


Reading and Reference Texts:

Reading copy:

  • “Eldorado” — reading copy


Historical Texts:

Manuscripts and Authorized Printings:

  • Text-01 — “Eldorado” — 1849, no original manuscript or fragments are known to exist (but this version is presumably recorded in Text-02) (Based on a letter of October 8, 1877 from Annie Richmond to John H. Ingram, John Carl Miller states that Mrs. Richmond had a manuscript for Eldorado, and sent a copy to Ingram, although Ingram never reproduced the manuscipt as he did for other items that she sent to him. See Building Poe Biography, 1977, pp. 175 and 193. If there was such a manuscript, it is currently unlocated. A more likely explanation is that Miller has confused Mrs. Richmond’s reference to sending the printed copy of the poem from the Flag of Our Union, where it was first published.)
  • Text-02 — “Eldorado” — April 21, 1849 — Flag of Our Union — (Mabbott text A) (based on Mrs. Richmond’s letter of October 8, 1877 to J. H. Ingram, she sent her copy of the full issue or at least a clipping of the poem, presumably sent to her by Poe. There is no reason, however, to suspect that this copy was modified by Poe.)



  • Eldorado” — 1850 — WORKS — Griswold reprints Text 02, with the addition of a single comma  (Mabbott text B)  (This is Mabbott’s copy-text)
  • “Eldorado” — February 23, 1850 — Hartford Times (Hartford, CT)
  • Eldorado” — 1875 — The Works of Edgar Allan Poe, vol 3: Poems  and Essays, ed. J. H. Ingram, Edinburgh, Adam and Charles Black (3:31)
  • “El Dorado” — January 27, 1887 — Eldorado Democrat (Eldorado, KS), vol. VII, no. 12, p. 4, col. 4 (acknowledged as by “Edgar Allen [[Allan]] Poe.”)
  • “Eldorado” — October 20, 1905 — Baltimore Sun (Baltimore, MD), vol. CXXXVII, no. 157, p. 7, across cols. 4-5 (acknowledged as by “Edgar Allan Poe,” in a section with the title “Gems From the Poets,” and with an introductory note: “Poe’s song was a true expression of himself and his world. Such was his sincerity that all his poems reflect his personal experiences, though in an idealized form. As a boy he had brilliant prospects, being the protege and pet of a wealthy citizen of Richmond, Va., and reasonably looked forward to a life of cultured leisure, with literature for his chief interest. Disappointed in regard to this, he struggled manfully to earn a living with his pen, and was often on the point of securing an assured success when a fresh mishap broke up all his patiently formed plans. The illness and early death of his girl-wife intensified the struggle of his later years against repeated disasters. The following poem, “Eldorado,” was doubtless suggeted by the Poet’s sad experience, showing as it does how the confidence and cheerfulness of youth and early manhood are succeeeded, as the disappointments of life multiply, by discouragement and despair.”)
  • “Eldorado” — August 2, 1907 — Lincoln County News (Lincolnton, NC), vol. I, no. 60, p. 1, col. 4 (acknowledged as by “Edgar Allen [[Allan]] Poe.”)
  • “Eldorado” — May 4, 1918 — News and Observer (Raleigh, NC), vol. CVII, no. 124, p. 4, col. 5 (acknowledged as by “Edgar Allan Poe,” and with the general heading of “A Poem for the Day.”)
  • “Eldorado” — October 19, 1918 — Fort Wayne News and Sentinel (Fort Wayne, IN), (no volume or issue number), p. 7, cols. 6-7 (acknowledged as by “Edgar Allan Poe.”)
  • “Eldorado” — December 22, 1919 — Bridgeport Telegram (Bridgeport, CT), vol. XXVII, no. 193, p. 16, cols. 5-6 (acknowledged as by “Edgar Allen [[Allan]] Poe,” and with the general heading of “Favorite Poems.”)
  • “Eldorado” — January 16, 1921 — Macon Daily Telegraph (p. 6) (this item is noted by George Monteiro, “Fugitive Reprints,” E. A. Poe Review, Fall 2010, p. 162.)
  • “Eldorado” — February 24, 1938 — Hammond Times (Hammond, IN), vol. XXXII, no. 213, p. 4, col. 7 (acknowledged as by “Edgar Allan Poe,” and with the general heading of “Poems that Live.”)


Scholarly and Noteworthy Reprints:

  • Eldorado” — 1894-1895 — The Works of Edgar Allan Poe, vol. 10: Poems, ed. G. E. Woodberry and E. C. Stedman (Chicago: Stone and Kimball), 10:35 and 10:182  (Woodberry and Stedman were aware of no printing earlier than Griswold’s)
  • Eldorado” — 1902 — The Complete Works of Edgar Allan Poe, vol. 7: Poems, ed. J. A. Harrison (New York: T. Y. Crowell), 10:123 and 10:224
  • Eldorado” — 1911 — The Complete Poems of Edgar Allan Poe, ed. J. H. Whitty (Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Co.), p. 79 and p. 242
  • Eldorado” — 1917 — The Poems of Edgar Allan Poe, ed. Killis Campbell, Boston: Ginn and Company (pp. 128-129, and pp. 286-287)
  • “Eldorado” — 1965 — The Poems of Edgar Allan Poe, ed. Floyd Stovall (Charlottesville: The University Press of Virginia), p. 117 and pp. 282-283
  • Eldorado” — 1969 — The Collected Works of Edgar Allan Poe, vol. 1: Poems, ed. T. O. Mabbott (Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press), 1:461-465
  • “Eldorado” — 1984 — Edgar Allan Poe: Poetry and Tales, ed. Patrick F. Quinn (New York: Library of America), p. 101 (reprints Text-02)
  • “Eldorado” — 2004 — The Selected Writings of Edgar Allan Poe, ed. G. R. Thompson (New York: W. W. Norton & Co.), p. 74
  • “Eldorado” — 2015 — The Annotated Poe, ed. Kevin J. Hayes (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press), pp. 390-392


Comparative and Study Texts:

Instream Comparative and Study Texts:

  • None


Plain Text Files for Juxta:

  • None


Associated Material and Special Versions:

Miscellaneous Texts and Related Items:

  • “Santa Clause Goes Modern” — December 24, 1939 — Las Cruces Sun-News (Las Cruces, NM), vol. 59, no. 228, p. 16, across cols. 3-4 (a parody, by Allice Wilbur, although the Poe reference is not made overtly, other than the similarity of the initial lines)
  • “Eldorado” — dated 2009, but available in late 2008 — Poèmes d‘Edgar Allan Poe, Paris: Publibook (translation by Jean Hautepierre)



  • Caputi, Anthony, “The Refrain in Poe’s Poetry,” American Literature, May 1953, 25:169-178
  • Carlson, Eric, “Poe’s ‘Eldorado’,” Modern Language Notes, March 1961, 76:232-233
  • Coad, O. S., “The Meaning of Poe’s ‘Eldorado’,” Modern Language Notes, January 1944, 59:59-61
  • Eddings, W. Dennis, “Shadow and Substance in ‘Eldorado’,Masques, Mysteries, and Mastodons: A Poe Miscellany, ed. Benjamin F. Fisher, Baltimore: Edgar Allan Poe Society, 2006, pp. 17-23
  • Heartman, Charles F. and James R. Canny, A Bibliography of First Printings of the Writings of Edgar Allan Poe, Hattiesburg, MS: The Book Farm, 1943.
  • Mabbott, Thomas Ollive, “The Sources of Poe’s ‘Eldorado’,” Modern Language Notes, May 1945, 60:312-314
  • Mabbott, Thomas Ollive, ed., The Collected Works of Edgar Allan Poe (Vol 1 Poems), Cambridge, Mass.: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1969.
  • Pollin, Burton R., “Poe’s ‘Eldorado’ Viewed as a Song,” Prairie Schooner, 1972, 46:228-235
  • Sanderlin, W. Stephan, “Poe’s ‘Eldorado’ Again,” Modern Language Notes, March 1956, 71:189-192


[S:0 - JAS] - Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore - Works - Poems - Eldorado