The S. H. Whitman copy of Broadway Journal (with changes about October 1848)


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Volumes I and II of the Broadway Journal (January 4, 1845 - January 3, 1846), which Poe gave to Sarah Helen Whitman in October 1848. In this copy, he marked unsigned items that he wanted here to know he had written, and he made several minor revisions in three tales. In addition, there are occasional marginal notations by Poe and Mrs. Whitman. The changes are made in faint pencil, some of which has faded over time.

Only the items with manuscript changes are listed below, with links:

 


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Bibliographic Data:

Trimmed page size: 11 1/4 inches high x 7 3/4 wide. Bound in half black roan, with the rare final issue, and a prospectus originally printed in the Democratic Review of March 1845 laid in.


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Census of Copies:

There were several copies of the original volumes of the Broadway Journal, but this copy, with Poe’s pencilled annotations, presumably made about October 1848 in preparation for presentation to Mrs. Sarah Helen Whitman. The provenance of this entry is established as authoritatively as possible, given the sketchy and often convoluted bits of information available:

  • Huntington Library, San Marino, CA Given by Poe to Sarah Helen Whitman, this set includes a number of pencil notations, made by Poe, identifying many articles as his. On the title page of volume I is the inscription: “To S. H. W. from E. A. P.” and on the top of the index to volume I Mrs. Whitman’s note “Given to S. H. W. by E. A. P. [[new line]] October 1848.” There are also a number of notes, in Poe’s hand, which are of considerable interest. On the top of the first page of volume I, no. 1, Poe wrote: “N. B. -- It was not until No. 10 that I had anything to do with this journal as Editor” (quoted by Pollin, IV, p. lii).In the issue of September 27, 1845, Poe wrote: “N. B. -- The poem which I sent you [[To Helen]] contained all the events of a dream which occurred to me soon after I knew you [[new line]] Ligeia was also suggested by a dream. Observe the eyes in both tale & poem” (quoted by Mabbott, Poems, p. 444). In addition, there are several other marks, such as words or paragraphs which are underlined or minor corrections. By the reprint of “Morella,” along the margin of page 388, Poe wrote: “Jane Stannard  Helen Stannard  Helen Whitman -- Helen  Ellen  Elenore  Lenore!” (Mabbott, Poems, p. 331).  This set is currently at the Huntington Library. (The Whitman copy is also partly described by Pollin, volume 4, pp. li-liii.) About 1902, the set was owned by F. R. Halsey, who allowed it to be examined by J. A. Harrison.

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Bibliography:

  • Blanck, Jacob, “Edgar Allan Poe,” Bibliography of American Literature ; volume 7: James Kirke Paulding to Frank Richard Stockton, New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1983, p. 119-120. (Volume 7 is edited and completed by Virginia L. Smyers and Michael Winship.) (This book is item 16146.)
  • Heartman, Charles F., “A Remarkable Addition to the Poe Census,” American Book Collector, vol. III, no. 4, April 1933, 3:246
  • Mabbott, Thomas Ollive, ed., The Collected Works of Edgar Allan Poe (Vols 2-3 Tales and Sketches), Cambridge, Mass.: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1978. (Second printing 1979)

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[S:0 - JAS] - Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore - Works - Editions - Whitman copy of Broadway Journal (with changes made about October 1848)