Text: Charles W. Kent (notes) Robert A. Stewart (variants) (ed. J. A. Harrison), “Notes to The Sleeper,” The Complete Works of Edgar Allan PoeVol. VII: Poems (1902), pp. 178-182


[page 178, continued:]


Page 51.


Text, 1845, with Lorimer Graham corrections.

The earliest version (18 31) is as follows: —


’T is now (so sings the soaring moon)

Midnight in the sweet month of June,

When winged visions love to lie

Lazily upon beauty’s eye,

Or worse — upon her brow to dance

In panoply of old romance,

Till thoughts and locks are left, alas!

A ne’er-to-be untangled mass.

An influence dewy, drowsy, dim,

Is dripping from that golden rim;

Grey towers are mouldering into rest,

Wrapping the fog around their breast: [page 179:]

Looking like Lethe, see! the lake

A conscious slumber seems to take,

And would not for the world awake:

The rosemary sleeps upon the grave —

The lily lolls upon the wave —

And million bright pines to and fro,

Are rocking lullabies as they go,

To the lone oak that reels with bliss,

Nodding above the dim abyss.

All beauty sleeps: and lo! where lies

With casement open to the skies,

Irene, with her destinies!

Thus hums the moon within her ear,

“O lady sweet! how earnest thou here?

“Strange are thine eyelids — strange thy dress!

“And strange thy glorious length of tress!

“Sure thou art come o’er far-off seas,

“A wonder to our desert trees!

“Some gentle wind hath thought it right

“To open thy window to the night,

“And wanton airs from the tree-top,

“Laughingly thro’ the lattice drop,

“And wave this crimson canopy,

“Like a banner o’er thy dreaming eye!

“Lady, awake! lady awake!

“For the holy Jesus’ sake!

“For strangely — fearfully in this hall

“My tinted shadows rise and fall!”

The lady sleeps: the dead all sleep —

At least as long as Love doth weep:

Entranc’d, the spirit loves to lie

As long as — tears on Memory’s eye:

But when a week or two go by,

And the light laughter chokes the sigh,

Indignant from the tomb doth take

Its way to some remember’d lake,

Where oft — in life — with friends — it went [page 180:]

To bathe in the pure element,

And there, from the untrodden grass,

Wreathing for its transparent brow

Those flowers that say (ah hear them now!)

To the night-winds as they pass,

“Ai! ai! alas! — alas!”

Pores for a moment, ere it go,

On the clear waters there that flow,

Then sinks within (weigh’d down by wo)

Th’ uncertain, shadowy heaven below.

  · · · · · · · ·  

The lady sleeps: oh! may her sleep

As it is lasting so be deep —

No icy worms about her creep:

I pray to God that she may lie

Forever with as calm an eye,

That chamber chang’d for one more holy —

That bed for one more melancholy.

Far in the forest, dim and old,

For her may some tall vault unfold,

Against whose sounding door she hath thrown,

In childhood, many an idle stone —

Some tomb, which oft hath flung its black

And vampyre-winged pannels back,

Flutt’ring triumphant o’er the palls

Of her old family funerals.

Variations of Southern Literary Messenger from 1831.

Line 1-2

I stand beneath the soaring moon

At midnight in the month of June.

3-8 (omit S. l. M.) 10 that (yon) 10 rim; (.) 12 breast! (.) 13 awake: (.) 16 grave — (,) 17 wave — (,) 18 bright pines (cedars) 18 fro, (o. c.) 19 go, (o. c.) 20 reels with bliss, (nodding hangs) 21 Nodding ... abyss (Above yon cataract of Serangs) 22 beauty (cap.) 22 sleeps: (! —) 23 skies, (o. c.) 24 Irene, (o. c.) For l. 25 substitute —

And hark the sounds so low yet clear,

(Like music of another sphere)

Which steal within the slumberer’s ear,

Or so appear — or so appear!

26 sweet! (,) 27 eyelids — (!) 29 far-off (o. h.) 29 seas, (o. c.) 33 top, (o. c.) 34 thro’ (through) After 35 insert:

“So fitfully, so fearfully,

36 Like (As) 36 eye! (eye) 37 substitute:

“That o’er the floor, and down the wall,

“Like ghosts the shadows rise and fall —

“Then, for thine own all radiant sake,

“Lady, awake! awake! awake!

38-59 (omit) 60 sleeps: (! —) 60 oh! (,) 61 lasting (lasting,) 61 deep — (,) 62 creep: (!) 64 eye, (—) 65 chang’d (changed) 65 holy — (,) 66 melancholy! (.) 67 forest, (o. c.) 69 thrown, (o. c.) 70 childhood, (o. c.) 71 tomb, (o. c.) 72 winged (wing-like) 73 Flutt’ring (Fluttering).

Variations of Broadway Journal from the text.

After 16 insert: —

(Her casement open to the skies)

26 fringéd (fringed) 43 pale (dim) 50 wingéd (winged).

The Lorimer Graham variations from 1845 are the same as the Broadway Journal variations above.


It is midnight in June when mountain and lake are asleep under the moon. A casement open shows the [page 182:] dear lady asleep — the sleep is the sleep of death. May her sleep be as lasting as it is deep. May she find a vault, a sepulchre well known to her in life.

This descriptive lyric of death introduces his favorite theme, the sad death of a beautiful young woman.





[S:0 - JAHCW, 1902] - Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore - Editions - The Complete Works of Edgar Allan Poe (J. A. Harrison) (Notes to The Sleeper)