Edgar Allan Poe — “Lionizing”





  • Thomas Smith (changed first to John Smith, and later to Thomas Jones) - The narrator in this story is the chief protagonist. He achieves instant and effortless fame by having a magnificent nose. He is generally accepted as a parody of Nathaniel P. Willis.
  • Mr. Smith (later Mr. Jones) - The father of the narrator. His first name is not given.
  • Mrs. Smith (later Mrs. Jones) - Mentioned. The mother of the narrator. Her first name is not given.
  • Mrs. Bas-Bleu - one of the members of Fum-Fudge’s grand society. She is presumably the mother of “big” and “little” Miss Bas-Bleu.
  • Big Miss Bas-Bleu - The older daughter of Mrs. Bas-Bleu.
  • Little Miss Bas-Bleu - The younger daughter of Mrs. Bas-Bleu.
  • etc. - Under development.


Location - Under development.

Date - Under development.


Under development.


Reading and Reference Texts:

Reading copy:

  • “Lionizing” — reading copy


Historical Texts:

Manuscripts and Authorized Printings:

  • Text-01 — “Lion-izing” — 1835, no original manuscript or fragments are known to exist (but this version is presumably recorded in Text-02)
  • Text-02 — “Lion-izing. A Tale” — May 1835 — Southern Literary Messenger — (Mabbott text A)  (This is Mabbott’s copy-text of the early version)
  • Text-03 — “Lion-izing. A Tale” — about 1839 — (although these pages in the Duane copy of the Southern Literary Messenger show no sign of changes, the version published in TGA shows numerous modifications, which suggests an intermediary form. It is likely, therefore, that Poe made changes in copies other than those which were ultimately owned by Duane, and that those copies have not been located and possibly have not survived. Poe appears to have attempted to erase his changes in the Duane copies, and it is possible that a copy exists in which these erased changes have been overlooked. This missing text is presumably reflected in text-04.)
  • Text-04 — “Lionizing” — 1840 — TGA — (Mabbott text B)
  • Text-05 — “Lionizing” — 1842 — TGAPP — (Mabbott text C)  (This version is a modified form of Text-04)
  • Text-06 — “Some Passages in the Life of a Lion” — March 15, 1845 — Broadway Journal — (Mabbott text D)
  • Text-07 — “Lionizing” — 1845 — TALES — (Mabbott text E)  (This is Mabbott’s copy-text of the final version) (For Griswold’s 1850 reprinting of this text, see the entry below, under reprints.)



  • “Lionizing” — June 12, 1835 — Richmond Courier and Daily Compiler (vol. XXXIII, no. 2, p. 3, cols. 1-2, acknowledged as from Text-02) (The Poe Log gives the name of this periodical as the Richmond Enquirer, p. 157)
  • Lionizing” — 1850 — WORKS — (Mabbott text F)  Griswold reprints the stereotype plates of Tales (Text-07)
  • “Lionizing” — 1867 — Prose Tales of Edgar Allan Poe, second series (New York: W. J. Widdleton), pp. 96-101 (This collection is extracted from the 1850-1856 edition of Poe’s Works. It was reprinted several times.)
  • Lionizing” — 1874 — Works of Edgar A. Poe, edited by J. H. Ingram (vol. II, pp. 308-313) (This collection was subsequently reprinted in various forms)


Scholarly and Noteworthy Reprints:

  • Lionizing” — 1894-1895 — The Works of Edgar Allan Poe, vol. 4: Tales, ed. G. E. Woodberry and E. C. Stedman, Chicago: Stone and Kimball (4:9-15)
  • Some Passages in the Life of a Lion” — 1902 — The Complete Works of Edgar Allan Poe, vol. 2: Tales I, ed. J. A. Harrison, New York: T. Y. Crowell (2:35-41, and 2:323-330) (Harrison gives the Broadway Journal version as the main text, but also prints the full version from the Southern Literary Messenger in the notes.)
  • Lionizing” — 1978 — The Collected Works of Edgar Allan Poe, vol. 2: Tales & Sketches I, ed. T. O. Mabbott, Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press (2:169-187)
  • “Lionizing” — 1984 — Edgar Allan Poe: Poetry and Tales, ed. Patrick F. Quinn (New York: Library of America), pp. 212-217


Comparative and Study Texts:

Instream Comparative and Study Texts:


Associated Material and Special Versions:

Miscellaneous Texts and Related Items:

  • “Lionnerie” — (French translation by Charles Baudelaire)
    • “Etre un lion, conte moral” — February 19-22, 1855 — Le Pays
      • “Etre un lion, conte moral” — Part I  (February 19, 1855)
      • “Etre un lion, conte moral” — Part II  (February 22, 1855)
    • “Lionnerie” — 1857 — Nouvelles histoires par Edgar Poe, Paris: Michel Lévy frères
  • “Lionizing” — 1962 — a reading by James Mason, issued as a Lively Arts LP (LA-30006)
  • “Lionnerie” — 1950 — Histories grotesques et sérieuse par Edgar Poe, Paris: Classiques Garnier (French translation by Léon Lemonnier)



  • Anonymous, Southern Literary Messenger (May 1835), 1:531.
  • Arnold, John, “Poe’s ‘Lionizing’: The Wound and the Bawdry,” Literature and Psychology (1967), 17:52-54.
  • Benton, Richard P., “Poe’s ‘Lionizing’: A Quiz on Willis and Lady Blessington,” Studies in Short Fiction (Spring 1968), 5:239-245.
  • Benton, Richard P., “Reply to Professor Thompson,” Studies in Short Fiction (Fall 1968), 6:97.
  • Heartman, Charles F. and James R. Canny, A Bibliography of First Printings of the Writings of Edgar Allan Poe, Hattiesburg, MS: The Book Farm, 1943.
  • Jackson, David K., “ ’some Ancient Greek Authors’: A Work of Poe,” Notes & Queries (May 26, 1934); and American Literature (November 1933), 5:263-267.
  • Mabbott, Thomas Ollive, ed., The Collected Works of Edgar Allan Poe (Vols 2-3 Tales and Sketches), Cambridge, Mass.: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1978.
  • Thompson, G. Richard, “On the Nose — Further Speculations on the Sources and Meaning of Poe’s ‘Lionizing’,” Studies in Short Fiction (Fall 1968), 6:94-97.
  • Wyllie, John Cooke, “A List of the Texts of Poe’s Tales,” Humanistic Studies in Honor of John Calvin Metcalf, Charlottesville: University of Virginia, 1941, pp. 322-338.


[S:0 - JAS] - Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore - Works - Tales - Lionizing