Edgar Allan Poe — “The Elk”


Reading and Reference Texts:

Reading copy:

  • “The Elk” — reading copy


Historical Texts:

Manuscripts and Authorized Printings:

  • Text-01 — “Morning on the Wissahiccon” — spring 1843, no original manuscript or fragments are known to exist (but this version is presumably recorded in Text-02)
  • Text-02 — “Morning on the Wissahiccon” — summer 1843 — The Opal: A Pure Gift for the Holy Days (for 1844) — (Mabbott text A)  (This is Mabbott’s copy-text)
  • Text-03 — “The Elk” — title change in a letter from Poe to J. R. Lowell, May 28, 1844



  • None (Neither Griswold nor Ingram collected this item. It was effectively forgotten until Woodberry and Stedman collected it in 1894-1895.)


Scholarly and Noteworthy Reprints:

  • “The Elk” — 1894-1895 — The Works of Edgar Allan Poe, vol. 2: Tales, ed. G. E. Woodberry and E. C. Stedman, Chicago: Stone and Kimball (2:77-83) — (Mabbott text B, although no variants are given as it is technically a reprint)
  • The Elk [Morning on the Wissahiccon]” — 1902 — The Complete Works of Edgar Allan Poe, vol 5: Tales IV, ed. J. A. Harrison, New York: T. Y. Crowell (5:156-162, and 5:322)  (Harrison’s note comments that “This piece was not included in the Griswold collection, but is mentioned in a note to J. R. Lowell’s Biography of Poe in Graham’s Magazine for February, 1845.” Lowell’s “Biography of Poe” was revised and reprinted in volume I of “the Griswold collection.”)
  • Morning on the Wissahiccon (“The Elk”)” — 1978 — The Collected Works of Edgar Allan Poe, vol 3: Tales & Sketches, 1843-1849, ed. T. O. Mabbott, Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press (3:860-867)
  • “Morning on the Wissahiccon” — 1984 — Edgar Allan Poe: Poetry and Tales, Patrick F. Quinn (New York: Library of America), pp. 939-944


Comparative and Study Texts:

Instream Comparative and Study Texts:

  • None


Plain Text Files for Juxta:

  • None


Associated Material and Special Versions:

Miscellaneous Texts and Related Items:

  • “L‘Elan (Matinée sur le Wissahiccon)” — (French translation by M. D. Calvocoressi)
    • “L‘Elan (Matinée sur le Wissahiccon)” — February 16, 1911 — Le Mercure de France (Paris)
    • “L‘Elan (Matinée sur le Wissahiccon)” — 1914 — Edgar Poe: Histories étranges et Merrveilleuses, Paris: Mercure de France
  • “Matin sur le Wissahiccon” — 1950 — Histories grotesques et sérieuse par Edgar Poe, Paris: Classiques Garnier  (French translation by Léon Lemonnier)
  • “Morning on the Wissahikcon” — 2009 — Audio book (unabridged), read by Chris Aruffo (part of a 6-CD set)



  • Heartman, Charles F. and James R. Canny, A Bibliography of First Printings of the Writings of Edgar Allan Poe, Hattiesburg, MS: The Book Farm, 1943.
  • Mabbott, Thomas Ollive, ed., The Collected Works of Edgar Allan Poe (Vols 2-3 Tales and Sketches), Cambridge, Mass.: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1978.


[S:0 - JAS] - Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore - Works - Essays - The Elk