Text: James A. Harrison, “Index,” Life and Letters of Edgar Allan Poe (1903), pp. 411-426




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ADAMS, JOHN, President: death of, 1826, 56.

“Al Aaraaf and Minor Poems”: 72, 75.

Albemarle, county of: distinguished families in, 50.

Alexander, C. W.: testifies to Poe’s gentleness of disposition, 135; denies Poe’s neglect of his office duties, 157.

Allan, Hoffman: son of John Allan, 2d, 78.

Allan, John: adopts Edgar Poe, 12; mythical stories of his wealth, 14; business failure of, 15; receives inheritance from his uncle Galt, 16; sends Poe to University of Virginia, 16; sails with his family to England, 17; engaged in tobacco business, as; dies of dropsy, 111.

Allan, John: son of John and Louisa Gabriella Allan, 78.

Allan, Mrs. (the first): dies, 77.

Allan, Patterson: son of John and Louisa Gabriella Allan, 78.

Allan, William Galt: son of John and Louisa Gabriella Allan, 78.

Ambler, Richard Cary: appears in dramatic representation with Poe, 25.

Anderson, Beverley: member of the Thespian Society, 28.

“Annabel Lee”: first mention of, 304.

“Arcturus”: poem addressed by Mrs. Whitman to Poe, 284.

Arnold, Elizabeth: mother of the poet. See Poe, Mrs. Elizabeth.

Arthur, T. S.: assumes control of “The Saturday Visiter,” 99.

Aylette, Patrick Henry: writes for Richmond “Examiner,” 317.


“BALLOON HOAX ,” the: published, 193.

Barrett, Elizabeth (Mrs. Browning): admires “The Raven,” 214.

Bartlett, Hon. John R.: Poe visits, 245.

Beale, Upton: companion of Poe at University of Virginia, 41.

Bedloe, Augustus: Poe makes the acquaintance of, 64.

“Bells, The”: occasion of its production, 286.

Bernard, P. D.: receives letter from Poe in relation to establishing new magazine, 178.

Bisco, John: connection of, with the “Broadway Journal,” 210; sells the “Journal” to Poe, 212.

Blaettermann: professor at University of Virginia, 40, 45, 46, 54.

Bliss, Elam: publishes Poe’s third volume of poems, 92.

Botta, Mrs. (Miss Anne Charlotte Lynch): Memoirs of, reviewed by R. H. Stoddard, 241; salon of, 241-245.

Bransby, Dr.: Poe’s teacher at Stoke-Newington, 19.

Brennan, Patrick: “The Raven” written at the house of, 224.

Brennan, Mrs. Patrick: denies charges of Poe’s dissipation, 224, et seq.

Brennan, Thomas S.: 224.

Briggs, Charles F.: criticisms and insinuations of, 201; sharply criticised by Poe, 210; excluded from management of “Broadway Journal,” 212.

Broad-street Theatre, Richmond: burned, 11.

“Broadway Journal”: Poe acquires control of, 210; collapse of, 240.

Brooks, N. C.: unable to procure an usher’s place for Poe, 96.

Browne, Dr. William Hand: 227, note; note from, concerning Poe’s death, 327.

Browning, Robert: admires “The Raven,” 214.

Bryant, William C.: at Mrs. Botta’s salon, 244.

Buchanan, Rev. John: baptizes Edgar and Rose Poe, 23.

Burke, William: Poe’s schoolmaster, 25.

Burton, William E.: requests Graham to buy “The Gentleman’s Magazine,” 139; criticised by Poe, 128.

Burwell, William M.: gives account of Poe’s career at University of Virginia, 39, 41, 47.


CABELL, ROBERT G.: accompanies Poe in a swim down the James River, 25; close friend of Poe, 28.

Calhoun, John C.: leader of State Rights politics, 317.

Campbell, John: assists Poe in obtaining admission to West Point, 79.

Carlyle, Thomas: unseals the fountains of German ideology, romance, and poetry, 153.

Carter, Dr. Gibbon: spends day in Richmond with the poet, 326.

Carter, Dr. John: Poe spends last evening in Richmond in office of, 326.

Childs, George W.: purchases “Ledger” and “Dollar Magazine,” and changes name to the “Home Weekly and Household Newspaper,” 140.

Chivers, Dr. Thomas Holley: writes friendly letter to Poe, 190; writes of German “criticism,” 192.

Clarke and Burke: teachers of Poe, 19, 54

Clarke, T. Cottrell: gives pen-picture of Poe’s home-life in Philadelphia, 138.

Clay, Cassius: a visitor at Mrs. Botta’s salon, 245.

Cleef, Augustus van: writes an article in “Harper’s” on Poe’s “Mary,” 96.

Clemm, Mrs. (Poe’s mother-in-law): gives account of her ancestry, 4; testifies to Poe’s temperance, 161; praised by N. P. Willis, 204; sketch of, by Miss Amelia F. Poe, 206; befriended by the Richmond, 301; parting of, from Poe, 306; suffering “for the necessaries of life,” 325; grief of, upon poet’s death, 338; dies in Baltimore, 339.

Clemm, Rev. W. T. D.: reads burial service at Poe’s funeral, 336, 337.

Clemm, Virginia: carries letters between the lovers (Poe and “Mary“), 97; marries Poe, 114; ruptures a blood-vessel while singing, 180, 185; her death, 265; burial-place of, 268.

Clemm, William: stepfather of the poet’s wife, 111.

Cloud, C. F.: establishes “The Saturday Visiter,” 99.

“Conchologist, The”: published by Poe, 146.

Converse, Rev. Amasa: marries Poe and Virginia Clemm, 115.

Creighton, William A.: companion of Poe at University of Virginia, 41.

Cullum, Gen.: criticises Poe’s third volume, 93

Curbs, George W.: welcomes Mrs. Whitman’s poems, 283.


DANIEL, JOHN M.: writes reminiscence of Poe, 247; editor of Richmond “Examiner,” 317.

Davidson, James Wood: letter of J. R. Thompson to, concerning Poe, 300.

Davis, Dr. Hugh Wythe: gives interesting glimpse of Poe, 27.

Davis, N. K.: professor at University of Virginia, 52.

Dawes, Rufus: editor, reviews “Al Aaraaf” unfavorably, 76.

De Hart, John: grandfather of Mrs. Louisa Gabriella Allan, 77.

Dickens, Charles: startled by Poe’s power, 172; character in one of his famous novels suggested by Mrs. Helen Whitman, 292.

Didier, E. L.: gives account of publication of “Al Aaraaf,” 75; “Life and Poems of Edgar Allan Poe,” 244.

Distinguished men: list of, graduated from University of Virginia, 57-60.

“Dollar Magazine”: awards prize to Poe for “The Gold-Bug,” 140.

Drayton, Col. William: work dedicated to, by Poe, 148.

Drum, Adjutant-General: verifies fact of Poe’s enlistment, 69.


EATON, MAJOR JOHN: U. S. Secretary of War, 79.

Ellet, Mrs.: a visitor at Mrs. Botta’s salon, 245.

Ellis, Powhatan: senator from Mississippi, appointment of Poe to West Point, due to, 79.

Ellis, Col. T. H.: furnishes sketch of Poe’s boyhood, 22-27.

Embury, Mrs.: at Mrs. Botta’s salon, 244.

E —— , Mrs.: meddles in Poe’s private affairs, 296; trouble of Poe with family of, 297.

English, Thomas Dunn: issues final number of “Broadway Journal,” 240; engaged in libel suit with Poe, 252.

“Eureka”: production of, 274.

Everett, Edward: on Jefferson’s educational views, 38.

“Examiner”: the Richmond, organ of the State Rights politics, 317


FERGUSSON, JOHN W.: corrects proofs for “Messenger,” 127.

Fitzgerald, Bishop: sketches Poe’s personal appearance in 1849, 316.

Francis, Dr. J. W.: at Mrs. Botta’s salon, 244.

Fuller, Margaret (Countess Ossoli): has controversy with Poe, 245; remonstrates with Poe, 296, 297.


GALT, WILLIAM: leaves fortune to John Allan, 16; successful merchant, 13.

“Gentleman’s Magazine”: Poe becomes assistant editor of, 148.

George, Miles: roommate of Poe at University of Virginia, 39, 41.

German philosophy: metaphysics, and mediævalism, spirit of, spreads over the English and American mind, 153.

Gholson, Judge Thomas S.: constant companion of Poe at University of Virginia, 41.

Gibson, T. H.: writes of Poe at West Point, 85-92.

Gildersleeve, Prof. B. C.: writes of Poe’s personality, 315.

Gill, W. F.: statement of, regarding David Poe’s death, 10; describes Poe’s residence in Philadelphia, 135; receives letter from Mrs. Sarah Whitman in relation to Poe, 293.

Gillespie, W. M.: at Mrs. Botta’s salon, 244.

Gove, Mrs.: finds the Poes living in great wretchedness, 261; gives pathetic glimpse of the Poe family, 261.

Gowans, William: testifies to Poe’s sobriety while in New York, 128.

Graham, George R.: the good angel of Poe’s life, 138; testifies to Poe’s solicitude for the happiness of his wife and mother-in-law, 182.

“Graham’s Magazine”: its influence on American letters, 139; remarkable contributors to, 141.

Greeley, Horace: writes to Griswold of Poe’s contemplated marriage with Mrs. Whitman, 289.

Green, J. B.: furnishes recollections of Mrs. Mary O. Moran, 337.

Greenhow, James: appears in dramatic representation with Poe, 25.

Griswold, Capt.: in regiment with Poe, 71.

Griswold, Dr. Rufus Wilmot: statement of, in relation to prize won by Poe, refuted by J. H. B. Latrobe, 105; statement of, in regard to Poe’s clothing, a sheer fabrication, 109; pays tribute to the beauty of the Poes’ home in Philadelphia, 135, 137; the evil angel of Poe’s life, 138; becomes editor of “Graham’s Magazine,” 140; biography of, 142; writes concerning Poe’s severance of connection with “Graham’s,” 176; dismissed by Graham from editorship of the magazine, 177; introduces R. H. Stoddard into Mrs. Bona’s salon, 241; a rival of Poe in the affections of Mrs. Osgood, 244; contrasted with Poe, 250, 251; receives letter from Horace Greeley in relation to Poe’s marriage with Mrs. Whitman, 289; scandalous anecdote related by, denied by Mrs. Whitman, 294; accepts proposal to become Poe’s literary executor, 323.

Gwynn, William: editor, becomes acquainted with Poe, 73; shows manuscript of “Al Aaraaf” to Latrobe, 106.


HALE, REV. EDWARD EVERETT: describes Lyceum system of lecturing, 275.

Halleck, Fitz-Greene: at Mrs. Botta’s salon, 244, 245.

Halsey, F. R.: pays $2,550 for a copy of Poe’s first volume, 67.

Hannay, James: denies Poe’s sense of humor, 258; reviews his mental characteristics, 258, et seq.

Harris, A. B.: writes of sickness of Poe’s wife, 185.

Hart, Mr.: the sculptor, a visitor at Mrs. Bona’s salon, 245.

Hatch, Mrs. John P. (Miss Adelaide Burkle): owner of autograph letter from Poe, 220.

Haven, Benny: 88, et seq.

Hawkes, Dr. F. L.: invites Poe to New York, 133.

Hawthorne, Nathaniel: publishes “The Unpardonable Sin” in “Home Weekly and Household Newspaper,” 140.

Headley —— : a visitor at Mrs. Botta’s salon, 245.

Heath, James E.: editor of “Southern Literary Messenger,” 126, 27.

Herring, Henry: takes charge of Poe’s remains, 336.

Hewitt, John H.: editor, reviews “Al Aaraaf” unfavorably, 76; wins second prize in literary contest, 106.

Hewitt, Mrs. M. E.: at Mrs. Botta’s salon, 244; describes suffering condition of Poe’s family, 260.

Higginson, Col. T. W.: bears testimony to the beauty of Poe’s voice, 97.

Hirst: biographer of Poe, 96.

Hodges, Dr.: rector of St. Paul’s parish, 115.

Holmes, Oliver Wendell: writes to Griswold in behalf of Poe, 261.

Hopkins, C. D.: first husband of Mrs. Elizabeth (Arnold) Poe, 6.

Horne, Richard Hengist: criticises “Annabel Lee,” 305.

House, Col. James: in regiment with Poe, 71

Howard, Lieut.: in regiment with Poe, 71.

Howard, “Nat”: a distinguished Latinist, schoolmate of Poe, 20.

Hoyt, Ralph: at Mrs. Botta’s salon, 244.

Hughes, Robert W.: discusses economic questions in Richmond “Examiner,” 317.

Hunt, Freeman: a visitor at Mrs. Botta’s salon, 245.


INGRAM, JOHN H.: testimony of, in relation to Poe’s ancestry, 3; describes origin of “The Bells,” 286; writes the best biography of Poe, 338.

Irving, Washington: editor of “Knickerbocker,” 141; acknowledges Poe’s genius, 155.

Isbell, George E.: letter of Poe to, relating to “Eureka,” 277.


JEFFERSON, THOMAS: founds the University of Virginia, 34; attempts to stop card-playing at the University, 43; considers an outside police necessary at University, 51; contends that geography and history should be studied together, 54, 55; death of, 1826, 56.

Johns, Rev. John: reported to have married Poe and Miss Clemm, 114.


KENNEDY, JOHN P.: letter to, from Poe, 1; on committee to award prizes for poem and story for “Saturday Visiter,” 99; invites Poe to dinner, 110; aids Poe in securing position on “Southern Literary Messenger,” 116.

Kirkland, Mrs.: at Mrs. Botta’s salon, 244, 245.


LAFAYETTE: visits Richmond and Jefferson in 1824, 55.

Lang, Andrew: writes of Poe’s prose romances, 152.

Latrobe, J. H. B.: on committee to award prizes for story and poem for “The Saturday Visiter,” 99; his account of the contest, 99, 102-110; kind to Poe, 110.

Lee, Gen. Robert E.: 84.

Lee, Hon. Z. Collins: present at Poe’s burial, 337.

Leland, Charles Godfrey: editor of “Graham’s Magazine,” 141.

Lewis, Mrs. S. D.: See Robinson, Miss.

Lincoln, Robert T.: verifies fact of Poe’s enlistment, 69.

Literati of New York: Poe’s opinion of, 249, 250.

Livingston, Catherine: grandmother of Mrs. Louisa Gabriella Allan, 77.

Locke, Joe: satirized by Poe, 87.

Locke, Richard Adams: editor of New York “Sun,” 193; a visitor at the salon of Mrs. Botta, 245.

Long, George: literary career of, 38; professor at University of Virginia, 40, 44.

Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth: accused of plagiarism by Poet 146; suggests lines from “For Annie” as an epitaph for Poe’s monument, 302.

Lowell, James Russell: error of, in relation to Poe’s age, 3; praises Poe’s stanza “To Helen,” 31; a subordinate editor of “Graham’s Magazine,” 140; eulogizes Poe’s tales, 144; publishes the “Pioneer,” 175; lauds Poe’s genius, 202, 203; denounced by Poe as an abolitionist, 202.

Lowndes, Adjutant-General: in regiment with Poe, 71.

Lyceum system of lecturing: 275.

Lynch, Miss Anne Charlotte: See Botta, Mrs.


MACKENZIE, DR.: with Poe on his last day in Richmond, 326.

Mackenzie, Mr.: cares for the Poe children, 11.

McBride, Jane: wife of John Poe, 4.

McIntosh, Maria: gives Poe letter of introduction to Mrs. Whitman, 285.

McMurtrie, Prof.: joint author with Poe of “Conchologist’s TextBook,” 147.

Madison, James: ex-President, 80.

Magruder, John B.: classmate of Poe at West Point, 69.

Manley, Mrs.: takes lock from Poe’s chamber door as souvenir, 227.

Marshall, Chief-Justice: 80.

“Mary”: Poe’s sweetheart, 97, 98.

Matthews: drill-master at University of Virginia, 39.

Maury, Mathew F.: editor of “Southern Literary Messenger,” 127.

Mayo, Col. John: uncle of Mrs. Louisa Gabriella Allan, 78.

Miller, Dr. James H.: on committee to award prizes for story and poem for “The Saturday Visiter,” 99; kind to Poe, 110.

Minor, Dr. B. B.: writes notice of Thomas W. White, 125; gives reminiscences of Poe to author of this book, 220.

Minor, Lucian: editor of “Southern Literary Messenger,” 127.

Monroe, James: ex-President, 80.

Montague, Mrs. Dwight: 78.

“Moon Hoax” the: 195.

Moran, Dr. J. J.: testifies to Poe’s temperance, 162; receives communication from Mrs. Shelton regarding her relations with Poe, 314; gives account of the poet’s last hours, 332, et seq.

Moran, Mrs. Mary O.: reminiscences of, 337.

Morgan, Appleton: writes of Poe’s character and habits, 161, 162; defends Poe against charge of reselling his manuscripts, 260.

Morris, George P.: criticised by Poet 189; at Mrs. Botta’s salon, 244.

Mott, Dr.: diagnoses Poe’s case, 269.


NEAL, JOHN: corresponds with Poe, 73, 76.

Nelson, Robert B.: writes concerning Poe’s marriage, 115.

Newman, Cardinal: imitates Poe in his famous “Lead, Kindly Light,” 68.


O‘BEIRNE, GEN. JAMES R.: describes Poe’s residence at the home of Patrick Brennan, 224.

Osgood, Mrs. Frances Sargent: testifies to Poe’s love for his wife, 184; at Mrs. Botta’s salon, 243; a paragon, 243; her death, 244; defends the poet, 295, 297; pens self-contradictory communication to Griswold, 298.


PABODIE, WILLIAM J.: contradicts scandalous anecdote told by Griswold, 294.

Patterson, E. H. W.: arranges with Poe to publish “The Stylus,” 325.

Patterson, Capt. John: grandfather of Mrs. Louisa Gabriella Allan, 77

Patterson, John William: father of Mrs. Louisa Gabriella Allan, 77.

Patterson, Mrs. Louisa De Hart: mother of Mrs. Louisa Gabriella Allan, 77.

Patterson, Miss Louisa Gabriella: marries Mr. John Allan, 77; her character, 78.

Perry, Edgar A.: name assumed by Poe on enlisting in U. S. Army, 69, 70.

Peterson, Charles J.: edits “Graham’s Magazine,” 140.

Petticolas, Arthur E.: contribution to Richmond “Examiner,” 317.

Philadelphia: intellectual atmosphere of, in the thirties and forties, 134.

Poe, Miss Amelia F.: furnishes sketch of Mrs. Clemm, 206.

Poe, Gen. David, the poet’s grandfather: a veteran of the Revolution, 4.

Poe, David, father of the poet: 4; marries Mrs. C. D. Hopkins, 6; becomes a strolling player, 6; death of, 10.

Poe, Edgar Allan: writes letter to J. P. Kennedy, 1; precocity of, compared to that of Shelley, Heine, Keats, and Hugo, 2; states that he was born in Boston, 2; discussion in relation to his birthplace, 3; rails at Boston, 3; his ancestry, 4, 5; birth in Boston, 6; his birth year coincident with that of many eminent persons, 8; death of his parents, 10; adopted by Mr. John Allan, 12; atmosphere of his childhood, 13; leaves home for the University, 16; goes to school in England, 17; influence of his training there, 17-20; psychological effect on his temperament of long sea-voyages, 20, 21; boyhood of, sketched by Col. T. H. Ellis, 22-27; entered as a student at the University of Virginia, 26; interesting glimpses of, while in the University, 25-34; love episode with Miss Sarah Elmira Royster, 32, 33; prepares to enter the University of Virginia, 34; joins the University, 36; associates at the University, 37; social habits and scholarship, 40; his constant companions, 41; reads his literary productions to friends, 42; nicknamed “Gaffy” Poe, 43; escapades, 44; his proficiency in Italian, 45, 46; leaves the University, 47; extraordinary powers of analysis, 48; his introduction to Latin and Greek, 54; his penchant for geography, 54; his penchant for moon-hoaxes and lunar voyages, 55; his fondness for French and France, 55; not indifferent to the advantages of debate, 60; his university career crowned with scholastic honors, 62; little or no moral training, 62; the gift of poesy his one solace, 63; his early poems, 64; had contracted debts at the University, 65; leaves the Allan home, 65; appearance at Boston of “Tamerlane and Other Poems,” 65; the first of his defiant prefaces, 68; enlists in U. S. Army, 70; promoted sergeant-major, 70; returns to Richmond, 70; honorably discharged from the service, 72; influence of army routine, 72; publishes “Al Aaraaf,” 75; writes to Neal in relation to “Al Aaraaf,” 76; enters the Academy at West Point, 79; the atmosphere of West Point, 80; chafes under the discipline at West Point, 84; contract to his honorable career as a U. S. soldier, 85; account of his life at West Point by T. H. Gibson in “Harper’s Magazine,” 85-95; court-martialled and dismissed from the Academy, 92; publishes a third volume of poems, 92; contents of the volume, 93; obscurity in his biography from 1831-1836, 96; seeks employment from William Gwynn, a Baltimore editor, 96 unable to secure an usher’s place in Brooke’s school, 96; love episode with “Mary,” 97, 99; competes for a prize story and poem for “The Baltimore Visiter,” 98-110; winning the prize surrounds him with a blaze of publicity, 101; becomes the talk of the town, 110; rupture with the Allans, 111; deathblow to his hopes of becoming Allan’s heir, 111; Mrs. Allan’s niece relates story of the rupture with the Allans, 111-113; issues the prospectus of a first-class literary journal, 113; licensed to marry Virginia Clemm, 114; a second license procured, and ceremony performed by Rev. Amasa Converse, 115; becomes editor of the “Southern Literary Messenger,” 116; sends tales to “Messenger,” 116; sends tales to Miss Leslie for “Souvenir,” 117; his income and reputation increasing, 117; receives warning note from White, 117; suffers from depression of spirits, 118; his gratitude to Kennedy, 118; variety and multiplicity of his work, 118; the evil habit of borrowing grows upon him, 119; retires from editorship of “Messenger,” 120; cause of the rupture between Poe and White, 121; his contributions to the “Messenger,” 121-123; addicted to drugs and stimulants, 123; his case never scientifically diagnosed, 124; his position on the “Messenger” not a bed of roses, 124; removes to New York, 128; testimony to his sobriety at this time, 128; carefully trained his wife, 129; Mrs. Clemm testifies to his domesticity, 129; his fable-autobiographies, 130-132.; completes 44 The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym,” 133; removes to Philadelphia, 133; pleasing glimpses of his domestic life, 134-138; contributes to is Graham’s Magazine,” 139; a quarrel leads to his dismissal, 139; wins prize with “The Gold-Bug” from “Dollar Magazine,” 140; his “Descent into Maelstrom” and “Murders in the Rue Morgue” appear in “Graham’s Magazine,” 140, 141; declines to review Irving, 143; contributes “Ligeia” and other tales to “American Museum,” 143, 144; eulogized by Lowell, 144; list of his contributions to various magazines, 145; accuses Longfellow of plagiarism, 146; publishes “The Conchologist” and “Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque,” 146, 147; becomes associate editor of “Gentleman’s Magazine and American Monthly Review,” 148; dedicates volume to Col. William Drayton, 148; types and characteristics of his works, 1148, 149; amount of work accomplished, 149; title-page, preface, and dedication to “Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque,” 149-152; becomes inoculated with the spirit of German occultism, 154; towers among his contemporaries as a giant, 155; Irving acknowledges his genius, 155; believes himself to be a great critic, 155; appointed editor of the “Gentleman’s Magazine,” 156; reprints some of his poems in the magazine, 156; announces publication of new magazine, 157; quarrel with Burton, 157-161; letter to Dr. J. E. Snodgrass, describing his habits at Richmond and Philadelphia, 158-161; Dr. J. J. Moran testifies to his temperance, 162; writes letter to Burton, 163-167; expresses his opinion of Mr. Graham, 168; writes good-natured criticism of Burton, 168; “Penn Monthly” scheme fails, 168; influence of his contributions to “Graham’s” on contemporary literature, 169; his cryptographic studies, 169-171; great literary industry, 172; his power startles Dickens, 172; develops a strange power of analytical reasoning, 173; wonderfully productive period of his stay in Philadelphia, 173, 174; contributes to Lowell’s “Pioneer,” 175; writes courteous letter to Lowell, 176; ceases to be editor of “Graham’s,” 176; letter in regard to establishing a new magazine, 178; seeks a government position, 179; effect on his mind of his wife’s sickness and death, 180; susceptible to effect of intoxicating liquors, 181; writes to Mrs. Whitman concerning his indulgence in stimulants, 182; Graham testifies to his solicitude for the happiness of his wife and mother-in-law, 182; the worship of woman an absorbing feature in his life, 183; his love for his wife, 184; sonnet to his mother-in-law, 185; caustic excoriation of Griswold, 186; again finds himself in New York, 186; growth of his critical instinct, 187, et seq.; an analyst of admirable powers, 189; receives friendly letter from Dr. Thomas Holley Chivers, 190; his literary “‘ripeness,” 193; writes the “Balloon Hoax,” 195; a recondite and most exquisite humorist, 197; hoaxing an ingrained element of his intellectual make-up, 198; his places of residence in New York, 198; his literary labors in 1844, 199; corresponds with Lowell, 200, 201; denounces Lowell as an abolition fanatic, 202; engagement on “Evening Mirror,” 207; his opinion of N. P. Willis, 207, 208; the banner year of his literary life, 209; acquires control of the “Broadway Journal,” 210; sharp criticism of Charles F. Briggs, 210; accuses Longfellow of plagiarism, 211; leaves the “Mirror,” 211; first appearance of “The Raven,” 213; author criticises it under pseudonym of “Quarles,” 214; analyzes the mechanism of his poem, 215, 216; its genesis and evolution, 217; letter to John Augustus Shea, 218; frequently called upon to recite “The Raven,” 222; the poem written in New York, 224; the year 1845 “the fullest of work,” 228; his own opinion of his prose work, 229; entangled in the “Longfellow War,” 229, et seq.; his charges of plagiarism, 232-234; numerous contributions to the magazines, 235, 236; his war on transcendentalism, 236-238; disappoints a Boston audience in his readings, 237; becomes a cult with the French school of Theophile Gautier, 238; interest excited by his mesmeric hoax, 238; dedicates a volume of poems to Elizabeth Barrett, 239; collapse of the “Broadway Journal,” 240; his social and literary life in New York, 241; enamored with Frances S. Osgood, 24,3; has controversy with Margaret Fuller, 245; the year 1846 the beginning of his “moral and physical descent,” 248; gives his opinion of the literati of New York, 249, 250; contrasted with Griswold, 250, 251; his libel suit against Thomas Dunn English, 252; his home at Fordham, 252, et seq.; his mental characteristic, reviewed by Hannay, 258, 259; poverty his greatest crime, 260; suffering condition of his family, 260, et seq.; O. W. Holmes writes to Griswold in his behalf, 262; Mrs. Gove-Nichols gives pathetic glimpse of the Poe family, 261-263; addresses passionate lines to Mrs. M. L. Shew (Mrs. Houghton), 264; death of Virginia Poe, 265; agony of Poe’s utter loneliness, 266; Mrs. Clemm watches over him, 267; a settled gloom threatens his reason, 267; desperately ill and unnerved, 269 his genius recognized abroad, 272-273; reads his “Eureka” to a small audience, 274; the book published by Putnam, 276; gives analysis of the work, 277-279; compared with Lucretius, 279, 280; his passion for Mrs. Sarah Helen Whitman, 281, et seq.; writes poem of “The Bells,” 286; engaged to Mrs. Whitman, 290; the marriage broken off, 291; his memory defended by Mrs. Whitman and Mrs. Osgood, 294, 295; has personal difficulty with family of Mrs. E —— , 297; visits Richmond, 299; his acquaintance with Mrs. S. D. Lewis (“Stella“), 300, et seq.; suffering from repeated disappointments, 302; writes “Annabel Lee,” 304; last glimpse of him in New York, 305; leaves for Richmond, 306; the last days in Richmond, 310, et seq.; renews acquaintance with his old flame, Miss Royster, 313 reads “The Raven” in Richmond, 316; arranges to become literary editor of “Examiner,” 318; takes a pledge of total abstinence, 318; starts for Baltimore, 321; cheerfulness on leaving Richmond, 322; requests Griswold to become his literary executor, 323; gives Thompson manuscript of “Annabel Lee,” 324; getting ready for his second marriage, 325; his last day in Richmond, 326; in Baltimore, 327; death, 328-336; burial, 337; manuscripts left at his death, 339.

Poe, Mrs. Edgar A.: See Clemm, Virginia.

Poe, Mrs. Elizabeth (Arnold, Hopkins): description of, 5; theatrical wanderings of, 6, 8, 9; finds her best friends in Boston, 7; decline of, 9; death of, 10; burial of, in Richmond, Va., 11; reference to, 22, 23.

Poe, John: progenitor of the family in America, 4.

Poe, John P.: statement of, concerning Poe’s ancestry, 3, 4.

Poe, Neilson: opposes marriage of Edgar Allan Poe and Virginia Clemm, 114; takes charge of Poe’s remains, 336.

Poe, Rosalie: birth of, 7; adopted by the Mackenzies, 14.

Poe, William: declares “the cup” to be “a great enemy to the Poe family,” 138.

Poe, William Henry Leonard: birth of, 7; adopted by his grandfather, 22; death, 23; a cadet in the navy, 72.

Pouder, W. P.: connected with “The Saturday Visiter,” 99.

Power, Sarah Helen: See Whitman, Mrs. Sarah Helen.

Preston, Col. J. T. L.: places Poe on a high level as a scholar, 20, 54.

Preston, James P.: aids Poe in entering West Point, 79.

Pryor, Mrs. W. R.: daughter of John Allan, 2d, 78.

Putnam, G. P.: publishes “Eureka,” 276.


RANDOLPH, JOHN: of Roanoke, 80.

Randolph, Col. Thomas Mann: Governor of Virginia, 21.

“Raven, The”: first appearance of, 213; analyzed by Poe, 215, 216; its genesis and evolution, 217.

Richard, John: the Poe children baptized at residence of, 23.

Richmond, Va.: account of, 12.

Richmonds, the: befriend Poe and Mrs. Clemm, 301.

Ripley, George: in critical chair of “New York Tribune,” 242; warmly welcomes Mrs. Whitman’s poems, 283.

Ritchie, William F.: appears in dramatic representation with Poe, 25; member of the Thespian Society, 28.

Robinson, Miss (Mrs. S. D. Lewis): the “Stella” of Poe, tells of her acquaintance with him, 300; Poe’s admiration of, 301 writes of Poe’s last day in New York, 306.

Royster, Miss Sarah Elmira (Mrs. Shelton): engaged to Poe, 32, 33; renews acquaintance with Poe, 313.


SARTAIN, JOHN: denies that Poe sold his poems several times, 288; gives glimpses of Poe’s last days, 306, et seq.

Scott, Gen. Winfield: charges on a ghost, 26; assists in raising money for relief of Poe, 269.

Sedgwick, Miss: at Mrs. Botta’s salon, 244, 245.

Selden: has fight with Poe at Burke’s school, 27.

Seward, Miss M. L.: writes of poverty in Poe’s family, 260.

Shea, Judge George: possesses letter written to his father by Poe concerning “The Raven,” 218; his personal acquaintance with Poe, 219.

Shea, John Augustus: letter from Poe to, 218; associates at West Point, 219.

Shelton, Mrs.: See Royster, Miss Sarah Elmira.

Shew, Mrs. Marie Louise (Mrs. Houghton): 96; assists the Poes, 264, 265; inspires Poe to write “The Bells,” 286.

Simms, William Gilmore: at Hingham, Mass., 243.

Slaughter, Philip: companion of Poe at University of Virginia, 41.

Smith, Edmund: present at Poe’s burial, 337.

Smith, Mrs. Elizabeth Oakes: criticised by Poe, 189; at Mrs. Botta’s salon, 244.

Smith, F. H.: professor at University of Virginia, 44.

Smith, Mrs. Seba: a visitor at Mrs. Botta’s salon, 245.

Smyth, A. H.: relates story of “Graham’s Magazine,” 139.

Snodgrass, Dr. . E.: acquires control of “The Saturday Visitor,” 99; letter of Poe to, describing his trouble with Burton, 158-161; his account of Poe’s death, 328; present at Poe’s burial, 337.

Spencer, Mr.: writes concerning Poe’s death, 328, et seq.

Stanard, Mrs. Jane Stith: Poe’s first love, 30; death of, 31; Poe’s devotion to, 281.

Stanard, Monroe: intimate with Poe, 28.

Stanard, Robert C.: accompanies Poe in a swim down James River, 25.

Stephens, Ann S.: edits “Graham’s Magazine,” 140; at Mrs. Bona’s salon, 244.

Stevenson, A.: speaker of House of Representatives, 79.

Stoddard, Richard Henry: sketches literary celebrities in New York in 1846, 241.

Stoke-Newington: residence of Poe in, 17-19.

Story, W.: hears Poe lecture, 211.

“Stylus,” the: new magazine proposed by Poe, 275.

“Sun,” the New York: made famous by Locke’s “Moon Hoax,” and Poe’s “Balloon Hoax,” 195.

“Swan Tavern,” the: in Richmond, where Poe put up, 311.


“TAMERLANE and Other Poems”: appears at Boston, 65.

Taylor, Bayard: editor of “Graham’s Magazine,” 141.

Tennyson: compared with Poe, 95.

Thayer, Col., of West Point: satirized by Poe, 97.

“The Magician”: poem by Poe, 73. [[actually, this poem is not by Poe. It is rejected by Mabbott.]]

Thomas, Calvin F. S.: Poe’s first publisher, 66.

Thomas, Dr. Creed: appears in dramatic representation with Poe, 25; Poe’s desk-mate at Burke’s school, 27, 54; member of the Thespian Society, 28.

Thomas, F. W.: receives letter from Poe, 2; fails to secure a government position for Poe, 179.

Thompson, John R.: on intimate terms with Poe at Richmond, 299; writes concerning Mr. and Mrs. Browning’s admiration of Poe, 300; receives “anything Poe might send,” 315; receives manuscript of “Annabel Lee,” 324.

Thornton., Dr. Philip: unveils a ghost, 26.

Ticknor, George: advocates Jefferson’s reform educational views, 38, 56.

Tucker, Beverley: remembers Poe’s mother when a girl, 5.

Tucker, George: professor of moral philosophy at University of Virginia, 37.

Tucker, Judge Henry St. George: editor of “Southern Literary Messenger,” 127.

Tucker, T. G.: intimate friend of Poe at University of Virginia, 39, 42.


UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA: founded and planned by Jefferson, 34; scenery surrounding it, 35; arrival of Poe at, 36; gambling at, 43, 48, 50; dissipation at, 49, 51; outside police necessary to preserve order, 51, 52; rules and regulations gradually increased, 52; improvements, 52; student life at, 53, 54; crucial years in its history, 56; graduates remarkable list of distinguished men, 57-60; its social and intellectual environment, 60; possesses unaddressed letter of Poe, 270.


VALENTINE, Miss: wife of John Allan, 17.

Valentine, Miss Anne: rejects the suit of Mr. Allan, 77.


WALKER, JOSEPH W.: sends note to Dr. Snodgrass on Poe’s distress, 328.

Ward, Dr. Thomas: at Mrs. Botta’s salon, 244.

Wat, Dunn: companion of Poe at University of Virginia, 41.

Weiss, Mrs. Susan Archer: speaks of Poe’s last days, 313; describes Poe’s cheerfulness on leaving Richmond, 322.

Wertenbaker, William: librarian of University of Virginia, 37, 39, 41, 45-47.

West Point: Poe enters, 79; atmosphere of, 80; list of contemporaries of Poe at, in 1830, 81-84; Poe dismissed from, 92.

Whipple, E. P.: writes book reviews for “Graham’s Magazine,” 140.

White, Eliza: visits the Clemms and Poes, 128.

White, Thomas W.: editor and proprietor of “Southern Literary Messenger,” 116; increases Poe’s salary, 117; sends warning note to Poe, 117; notice of, by Dr. B. B. Minor, 125.

Whitman, John W.: husband of Mrs. Sarah H. Whitman, 282.

Whitman, Mrs. Sarah Helen: connects her own and Poe’s ancestry with the Anglo-Norman family of Le Poer, 4; gives sketch of Poe’s first love episode, 30; Poe’s statement to, concerning his indulgence in stimulants, 182; “Introductory Letter” of, to “Life and Poems of Edgar Allan Poe,” 244; describes Poe’s home at Fordham, 254, et seq.; Poe’s passion for, 281; poems of, 282, et seq.; Horace Greeley’s description of, 289; her engagement to Poe, 290; the engagement broken, 291; effect on her life of her connection with the poet, 292; her story suggests a character in one of Dickens’s novels, 292; letter from, to W. F. Gill, 293.

Willis, Nathaniel P.: praises Mrs. Clemm, 204; gives his impressions of Poe, 207; Poe’s opinion of, 207, 208; publishes Poe’s “Raven” in his “Evening Mirror,” 213; at Mrs. Botta’s salon, 242; one of the few editors of his time who appreciated Poe, 271; helps Poe in his project of establishing a new magazine, 275; reprints Poe’s lines “For Annie,” 302.

Wilmer, L. A.: describes origin of “The Saturday Visiter,” 99; frequent companion of Poe in his walks, 111.

Woodberry, Prof. George E.: traces out the wanderings of the Arnolds and Poes, 6; establishes tact of Poe’s enlistment in U. S. Army, 69, 70; gives version of rupture between Poe and Lowell, 203.

Wyatt, Prof.: joint author with Poe of “Conchologist’s Text-Book,” 147.


[The following footnote appears at the bottom of page 412:]

1.  The Appendix is indexed separately; see page 427.



Within a subject, Harrison tends to list material in order by page number, without concern for the order or shifts in sub-topics.


[S:0 - LLEAP, 1903] - Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore - Articles - Life and Letters of Edgar Allan Poe (J. A. Harrison) (Index)