Text: Edgar Allan Poe (ed. Killis Campbell), “Al Aaraaf,” The Poems of Edgar Allan Poe, Ginn and Company, 1917, pp. 34-48


[page 34, continued:]

AL AARAAF   [[n]]




O! NOTHING earthly save the ray

(Thrown back from flowers) of Beauty's eye,

As in those gardens where the day

Springs from the gems of Circassy —


O! nothing earthly save the thrill

Of melody in woodland rill —

Or (music of the passion-hearted)

Joy's voice so peacefully departed


That like the murmur in the shell,


Its echo dwelleth and will dwell — [page 35:]


Oh, nothing of the dross of ours —

Yet all the beauty — all the flowers

That list our Love, and deck our bowers —

Adorn yon world afar, afar —


The wandering star.


’Twas a sweet time for Nesace — for there


Her world lay lolling on the golden air,

Near four bright suns — a temporary rest —


An oasis in desert of the blest.



Away — away — 'mid seas of rays that roll

Empyrean splendor o’er th’ unchained soul —


The soul that scarce (the billows are so dense)

Can struggle to its destin’d eminence — [page 36:]

To distant spheres, from time to time, she rode,


And late to ours, the favour’d one of God —

But, now, the ruler of an anchor’d realm,

She throws aside the sceptre — leaves the helm,

And, amid incense and high spiritual hymns,

Laves in quadruple light her angel limbs.


Now happiest, loveliest in yon lovely Earth,

Whence sprang the “Idea of Beauty” into birth,

(Falling in wreaths thro’ many a startled star,

Like woman's hair 'mid pearls, until, afar,

It lit on hills Achaian, and there dwelt)


She look’d into Infinity — and knelt.

Rich clouds, for canopies, about her curled —

Fit emblems of the model of her world —

Seen but in beauty — not impeding sight

Of other beauty glittering thro’ the light —


A wreath that twined each starry form around,

And all the opal’d air in color bound.

All hurriedly she knelt upon a bed


Of flowers:  of lilies such as rear’d the head

On the fair Capo Deucato, and sprang


So eagerly around about to hang

Upon the flying footsteps of —— deep pride —

Of her who lov’d a mortal — and so died.

The Sephalica, budding with young bees,

Uprear’d its purple stem around her knees:

And gemmy flower, of Trebizond misnam’d —


Inmate of highest stars, where erst it sham’d

All other loveliness: its honied dew

(The fabled nectar that the heathen knew) [page 37:]

Deliriously sweet, was dropp’d from Heaven,


And fell on gardens of the unforgiven

In Trebizond — and on a sunny flower

So like its own above that, to this hour,

It still remaineth, torturing the bee

With madness, and unwonted reverie:


In Heaven, and all its environs, the leaf

And blossom of the fairy plant, in grief

Disconsolate linger — grief that hangs her head,

Repenting follies that full long have fled,

Heaving her white breast to the balmy air,


Like guilty beauty, chasten’d, and more fair:

Nyctanthes too, as sacred as the light

She fears to perfume, perfuming the night:

And Clytia pondering between many a sun,

While pettish tears adown her petals run:


And that aspiring flower that sprang on Earth —

And died, ere scarce exalted into birth,

Bursting its odorous heart in spirit to wing

Its way to Heaven, from garden of a king:

And Valisnerian lotus thither flown


From struggling with the waters of the Rhone:

And thy most lovely purple perfume, Zante!

Isola d’oro! — Fior di Levante!

And the Nelumbo bud that floats for ever

With Indian Cupid down the holy river —


Fair flowers, and fairy! to whose care is given


To bear the Goddess’ song, in odors, up to Heaven:

“Spirit! that dwellest where,

In the deep sky,

The terrible and fair,


In beauty vie!

Beyond the line of blue —

The boundary of the star [page 38:]


Which turneth at the view


Of thy barrier and thy bar —


Of the barrier overgone


By the comets who were cast


From their pride, and from their throne

To be drudges till the last —


To be carriers of fire



(The red fire of their heart)

With speed that may not tire

And with pain that shall not part —


Who livest — that we know —

In Eternity — we feel —



But the shadow of whose brow

What spirit shall reveal?

Tho’ the beings whom thy Nesace,


Thy messenger hath known

Have dream’d for thy Infinity



A model of their own —


Thy will is done, Oh, God!

The star hath ridden high

Thro’ many a tempest, but she rode

Beneath thy burning eye;


And here, in thought, to thee —

In thought that can alone

Ascend thy empire and so be

A partner of thy throne —


By winged Fantasy,



My embassy is given,


Till secrecy shall knowledge be

In the environs of Heaven.”


She ceas’d — and buried then her burning cheek

Abash’d, amid the lilies there, to seek [page 39:]


A shelter from the fervour of His eye;

For the stars trembled at the Deity.


She stirr’d not — breath’d not — for a voice was there

How solemnly pervading the calm air!


A sound of silence on the startled ear




Which dreamy poets name “the music of the sphere.”


Ours is a world of words: Quiet we call



“Silence” — which is the merest word of all.



All Nature speaks, and ev’n ideal things

Flap shadowy sounds from visionary wings —



But ah! not so when, thus, in realms on high


The eternal voice of God is passing by,

And the red winds are withering in the sky!


”What tho’ in worlds which sightless cycles run,


Link’d to a little system, and one sun —



Where all my love is folly and the crowd

Still think my terrors but the thunder cloud,


The storm, the earthquake, and the ocean-wrath —

(Ah! will they cross me in my angrier path?)

What tho’ in worlds which own a single sun


The sands of Time grow dimmer as they run,

Yet thine is my resplendency, so given

To bear my secrets thro’ the upper Heaven.

Leave tenantless thy crystal home, and fly,

With all thy train, athwart the moony sky —



Apart — like fire-flies in Sicilian night,

And wing to other worlds another light!

Divulge the secrets of thy embassy

To the proud orbs that twinkle — and so be [page 40:]

To ev’ry heart a barrier and a ban



Lest the stars totter in the guilt of man!”

Up rose the maiden in the yellow night,

The single-mooned eve! — on Earth we plight

Our faith to one love — and one moon adore —

The birth-place of young Beauty had no more.


As sprang that yellow star from downy hours

Up rose the maiden from her shrine of flowers,

And bent o’er sheeny mountain and dim plain


Her way — but left not yet her Therasæan reign.


HIGH on a mountain of enamell’d head —

Such as the drowsy shepherd on his bed

Of giant pasturage lying at his ease,

Raising his heavy eyelid, starts and sees



With many a mutter’d “hope to be forgiven”

What time the moon is quadrated in Heaven —

Of rosy head, that towering far away

Into the sunlit ether, caught the ray


Of sunken suns at eve — at noon of night,


While the moon danc’d with the fair stranger light —


Uprear’d upon such height arose a pile

Of gorgeous columns on th’ unburthen’d air,

Flashing from Parian marble that twin smile

Far down upon the wave that sparkled there,


And nursled the young mountain in its lair.


Of molten stars their pavement, such as fall

Thro’ the ebon air, besilvering the pall

Of their own dissolution, while they die —

Adorning then the dwellings of the sky.



A dome, by linked light from Heaven let down,

Sat gently on these columns as a crown — [page 41:]


A window of one circular diamond, there,

Look’d out above into the purple air,

And rays from God shot down that meteor chain


And hallow’d all the beauty twice again,

Save when, between th’ Empyrean and that ring,


Some eager spirit flapp’d his dusky wing.

But on the pillars Seraph eyes have seen

The dimness of this world: that greyish green


That Nature loves the best for Beauty's grave


Lurk’d in each cornice, round each architrave —

And every sculptur’d cherub thereabout


That from his marble dwelling peeréd out

Seem’d earthly in the shadow of his niche —



Achaian statues in a world so rich?


Friezes from Tadmor and Persepolis —


From Balbec, and the stilly, clear abyss



Of beautiful Gomorrah! O, the wave



Is now upon thee — but too late to save!



Sound loves to revel in a summer night:

Witness the murmur of the grey twilight


That stole upon the ear, in Eyraco,

Of many a wild star-gazer long ago —

That stealeth ever on the ear of him


Who, musing, gazeth on the distance dim. [page 42:]

And sees the darkness coming as a cloud —


Is not its form — its voice — most palpable and loud?

But what is this? — it cometh — and it brings

A music with it — 'tis the rush of wings —


A pause  — and then a sweeping, falling strain


And Nesace is in her halls again.

From the wild energy of wanton haste


Her cheeks were flushing, and her lips apart;


And zone that clung around her gentle waist


Had burst beneath the heaving of her heart.


Within the centre of that hall to breathe


She paus’d and panted, Zanthe!  all beneath,


The fairy light that kiss’d her golden hair

And long’d to rest, yet could but sparkle there!



Young flowers were whispering in melody

To happy flowers that night — and tree to tree;

Fountains were gushing music as they fell

In many a star-lit grove, or moon-lit dell;

Yet silence came upon material things —



Fair flowers, bright waterfalls and angel wings —

And sound alone that from the spirit sprang


Bore burthen to the charm the maiden sang:


“ ‘Neath blue-bell or streamer —

Or tufted wild spray



That keeps, from the dreamer,


The moonbeam away —


Bright beings!  that ponder,

With half closing eyes,

On the stars which your wonder


Hath drawn from the skies, [page 43:]


Till they glance thro’ the shade, and

Come down to your brow

Like —— eyes of the maiden

Who calls on you now —



Arise! from your dreaming

In violet bowers,


To duty beseeming

These star-litten hours —


And shake from your tresses


Encumber’d with dew


The breath of those kisses


That cumber them too —


(O! how, without you, Love!

Could angels be blest?)


Those kisses of true love

That lull’d ye to rest!


Up! — shake from your wing

Each hindering thing:

The dew of the night —



It would weigh down your flight;

And true love caresses —

O! leave them apart!

They are light on the tresses,


But lead on the heart.



Ligeia! Ligeia!

My beautiful one!

Whose harshest idea

Will to melody run,

O! is it thy will


On the breezes to toss?

Or, capriciously still,


Like the lone Albatross, [page 44:]

Incumbent on night

(As she on the air)


To keep watch with delight

On the harmony there?

Ligeia! whatever

Thy image may be,

No magic shall sever


Thy music from thee.

Thou hast bound many eyes



In a dreamy sleep —

But the strains still arise


Which thy vigilance keep —


The sound of the rain

Which leaps down to the flower,

And dances again

In the rhythm of the shower —


The murmur that springs


From the growing of grass

Are the music of things —


But are modell’d, alas! —


Away, then my dearest,

O! hie thee away


To springs that lie clearest

Beneath the moon-ray —

To lone lake that smiles,

In its dream of deep rest,


At the many star-isles


That enjewel its breast —

Where wild flowers, creeping,

Have mingled their shade,

On its margin is sleeping

Full many a maid — [page 45:]



Some have left the cool glade, and

Have slept with the bee —


Arouse them my maiden,

On moorland and lea —

Go! breathe on their slumber,


All softly in ear,

The musical number

They slumber’d to hear —

For what can awaken

An angel so soon


Whose sleep hath been taken


Beneath the cold moon,

As the spell which no slumber

Of witchery may test,

The rythmical number


Which lull’d him to rest?”

Spirits in wing, and angels to the view,

A thousand seraphs burst th’ Empyrean thro’,


Young dreams still hovering on their drowsy flight —


Seraphs in all but “Knowledge,” the keen light


That fell, refracted, thro’ thy bounds, afar

O Death!  from eye of God upon that star:


Sweet was that error — sweeter still that death —

Sweet was that error — ev’n with us the breath

Of science dims the mirror of our joy —


To them ’twere the Simoom, and would destroy —

For what (to them) availeth it to know

That Truth is Falsehood — or that Bliss is Woe?


Sweet was their death — with them to die was rife

With the last ecstacy of satiate life —



Beyond that death no immortality —

But sleep that pondereth and is not “to be” —

And there — oh!  may my weary spirit dwell —


Apart from Heaven's Eternity — and yet how far from Hell! [page 46:]


What guilty spirit, in what shrubbery dim,


Heard not the stirring summons of that hymn?


But two:  they fell:  for Heaven no grace imparts

To those who hear not for their beating hearts.


A maiden-angel and her seraph-lover —

O!  where (and ye may seek the wide skies over)



Was Love, the blind, near sober Duty known?


Unguided Love hath fallen — 'mid “tears of perfect moan.”

He was a goodly spirit — he who fell:

A wanderer by moss-y-mantled well —

A gazer on the lights that shine above —


A dreamer in the moonbeam by his love:

What wonder? For each star is eye-like there,

And looks so sweetly down on Beauty's hair —

And they, and ev’ry mossy spring were holy

To his love-haunted heart and melancholy.


The night had found (to him a night of wo)


Upon a mountain crag, young Angelo —

Beetling it bends athwart the solemn sky,

And scowls on starry worlds that down beneath it lie.

Here sate he with his love — his dark eye bent


With eagle gaze along the firmament:

Now turn’d it upon her — but ever then


It trembled to the orb of EARTH again.

“Ianthe, dearest, see!  how dim that ray!

How lovely 'tis to look so far away!


She seem’d not thus upon that autumn eve

I left her gorgeous halls — nor mourn’d to leave.

That eve — that eve — I should remember well —

The sun-ray dropp’d, in Lemnos, with a spell


On th’Arabesque carving of a gilded hall


Wherein I sate, and on the draperied wall — [page 47:]

And on my eye-lids — O the heavy light!

How drowsily it weigh’d them into night!

On flowers, before, and mist, and love they ran

With Persian Saadi in his Gulistan:



But O that light! — I slumber’d — Death, the while,

Stole o’er my senses in that lovely isle

So softly that no single silken hair


Awoke that slept — or knew that it was there.

The last spot of Earth's orb I trod upon



Was a proud temple call’d the Parthenon —

More beauty clung around her column’d wall

Than ev’n thy glowing bosom beats withal,

And when old Time my wing did disenthral

Thence sprang I — as the eagle from his tower,


And years I left behind me in an hour.


What time upon her airy bounds I hung

One half the garden of her globe was flung

Unrolling as a chart unto my view —

Tenantless cities of the desert too!


Ianthe, beauty crowded on me then,


And half I wish’d to be again of men.”

“My Angelo! and why of them to be?


A brighter dwelling-place is here for thee —


And greener fields than in yon world above,


And women's loveliness — and passionate love.”

“But, list, Ianthe! when the air so soft


Fail’d, as my pennon’d spirit leapt aloft,

Perhaps my brain grew dizzy — but the world

I left so late was into chaos hurl’d —


Sprang from her station, on the winds apart,

And roll’d, a flame, the fiery Heaven athwart. [page 48:]


Methought, my sweet one, then I ceased to soar

And fell — not swiftly as I rose before,

But with a downward, tremulous motion thro’


Light, brazen rays, this golden star unto!

Nor long the measure of my falling hours,

For nearest of all stars was thine to ours —

Dread star! that came, amid a night of mirth,


A red Dædalion on the timid Earth.



“We came — and to thy Earth — but not to us

Be given our lady's bidding to discuss:

We came, my love; around, above, below,

Gay fire-fly of the night we come and go,

Nor ask a reason save the angel-nod


She grants to us, as granted by her God —

But, Angelo, than thine grey Time unfurl’d

Never his fairy wing o’er fairier world!


Dim was its little disk, and angel eyes

Alone could see the phantom in the skies,


When first Al Aaraaf knew her course to be

Headlong thitherward o’er the starry sea —


But when its glory swell’d upon the sky,

As glowing Beauty's bust beneath man's eye,

We paus’d before the heritage of men,



And thy star trembled — as doth Beauty then!”

Thus, in discourse, the lovers whiled away


The night that waned and waned and brought no day.


They fell: for Heaven to them no hope imparts

Who hear not for the beating of their hearts.




[The following variant appears at the bottom of page 34, running to the bottom of page 35:]

1-15 For these lines, 1831 substitutes the following:

Mysterious star!

Thou wert my dream

All a long summer night —

Be now my theme!

By this clear stream,

Of thee will I write;

Meantime from afar

Bathe me in light!

Thy world has not the dross of ours,

Yet all the beauty — all the flowers

That list our love, or deck our bowers

In dreamy gardens, where do lie

Dreamy maidens all the day,

While the silver winds of Circassy

On violet couches faint away.

Little — oh! little dwells in thee

Like unto what on earth we see:

Beauty's eye is here the bluest

In the falsest and untruest —

On the sweetest air doth float

The most sad and solemn note —

If with thee be broken hearts,

Joy so peacefully departs,

That its echo still doth dwell,

Like the murmur in the shell.

Thou! thy truest type of grief

Is the gentle falling leaf —

Thou! thy framing is so holy

Sorrow is not melancholy.

[The following variants appear at the bottom of page 35:]

11 Oh: With (1829).

19 An oasis: A garden-spot (1829, 1831).

[The following variants appear at the bottom of page 35:]

43 rear’d: rear (1829, 1831).

[The following variants appear at the bottom of page 38:]

88 Which: That (S. M.).

95 red: Omitted in 1831.

[The following variants appear at the bottom of page 39:]

125Silence is the voice of God — (Yankee).

127 merest: veriest (S.M.).

128 All: Here (Yankee, 1829, 1831, S.M.).

130 thus, in: in the (Yankee).

131 passing: moving (Yankee).

[The following variants appear at the bottom of page 41:]

27 his: a (Yankee).

33 peeréd: ventured (Yankee, 1829).

37 the: thy (1831).

38 Of: Too (1831).

39 After this line, Yankee introduces the following lines:

Far down within the crystal of the lake

Thy swollen pillars tremble — and so quake

The hearts of many wanderers who look in

Thy luridness of beauty — and of sin.

40 in: near (1829, 1831).

[The following variants appear at the bottom of page 42:]

53 cheeks were: cheek was (1829, 1831, S.M.).

56 that: this (S.M.).

58 fairy: brilliant (S.M.).

[The following variants appear at the bottom of page 43:]

92 wing: wings (S. M.).

95 Each: All (S.M.); thing: things (S.M.).

95 would: will (S.M.).

99 lead: hang (1829, 1831)

[The following variants appear at the bottom of page 44:]

117 S. M. inserts deep before “dreamy.”

[The following variants appear at the bottom of page 46:]

197 the orb of EARTH: one constant star (1829, 1831).

[The following variants appear at the bottom of page 47:]

213 he: it (1829, 1831).







[S:0 - KCP, 1917] - Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore - Works - Al Aaraaf (ed. K. Campbell, 1917)